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  • 21 May 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     New 5 Year Maritime Policy Emphasize National Security

     

    The Abe Cabinet approved and released the 3rd Maritime Basic Plan that provides policy guidline for the five years from JFY2018 to JFY2022.

    According to Yomiuri, it mentions how to respond the North Korean ballistic missile threat for the first time.

    It also prioritizes the necessity of enhancing the ability to patrol Japan’s territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as well as remote islands defense capability.

    For these purposes, the plan is to strengthen Japan’s Maritime Domain Awareness.

    It also states a policy to positively participate in an international rulemaking opportunities to mitigate the Arctic Ocean’s sea ice reduction due to global warming.

     

    2.     Listed Companies’ Bottom-line Marked Highest Ever

     

    Among all the companies listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange’s 1st Section, 1,312 companies have already announced their individual financial results of their fiscal 2017s. 

    SMBC Nikko Security summed up all the results to analyze the overall performance.

    According to the analysis, the total revenue and the total profit after tax went up by 7.6% and 24.7% respectively in comparison with FY2016s’ data.

    The total profit after tax of FY2016s was 23.5 trillion yen, which was the highest ever as of last year.

    But, The total PAT of FY2017s (30.1 trillion yen ($27.4 billion)) surpassed the highest record.

    Their good results are attributable to relatively weak yen and favorable overseas market conditions including the U.S. tax reduction.

    As for the prospect for FY2018s, the PAT might not further grow due to relatively strong yen and negative effect by the U.S.-China trade war, Yomiuri suggested.

     

    3.     1st Quarter GDP Downed For The First Time Since 4th Quarter 2015

     

    The Cabinet Office announced on the 16th that Japan’s January-March 2018 GDP went down by 0.2% from the previous quarter.

    This means a 0.6% GDP reduction on an annually adjusted basis.

    Japan’s economy marked 8 consecutive quarters of positive growth and this past quarter is the first minus growth since the 4th quarter of 2015.

    Consumer spending stayed flat, while capital and housing investment decreased by 0.1% and 2.1% respectively in the first quarter.

    Although salary and wage are increasing, so are key prices including gasoline, beer, utility etc.

    The prospect for the next quarter is not necessarily bright, economists here state.

     

    4.     iPS Cell Based Cardiac Muscle Transplanting Clinical Research Begins

     

    According to Yomiuri, the Ministry of Welfare and Labor conditionally accepted the plan presented by Osaka University’s research team for iPS cell based cardiac muscle transplanting clinical research.

    The research team receives iPS cells from Kyoto University’s iPS cell storage and cultures them to be cardiac muscle cells. 

    Then, the cardiac muscle cells are processed to be two slices with the diameter of a few centimeters and the thickness of 0.1 mm.

    The two slices of the cultured cardiac muscle cells are transplanted to a patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

    The transplanted muscle cells are expected to induce the patient’s heart to regenerate its own cardiac muscle.

    Three patients are expected to agree to undergo this clinical research for their treatment.

    It will take a year after the transplant to conclude the safety and effectiveness of this treatment.

     

    5. Hitachi Organizing Finance Scheme For Nuclear Power Plant Construction In UK

     

    Yomiuri reported on the 17th that Hitachi is reaching an agreement with the UK Government for a loan package in the amount of 2 trillion yen or larger ($18.2 B) to finance its project to build two nuclear power plants on the Anglesey Island in the UK.

    Hitachi took over this project from a UK based nuclear power business company by the name of Horizon Nuclear Power when it acquired this UK company in 2012.

    Hitachi already organized the Japanese Government participation and according to Yomiuri, the total project cost of 3 trillion yen ($27.3 B) will be financed as follows:

     

    Paid in capital: 30% of the total cost (10% each by Hitachi, Japanese Government affiliated financial institutions, and a group of UK Government and companies)

    Loan: 70% (UK Government and its affiliated financial institutions)

     

    Although there was a strong mood against the nuclear power plant in the public of the UK up to early 2000s, the nation decided to come back to nuclear power source due to the tapering production of oil and gas in the North Sea.

    The two power plants on the  Anglesey Island are expected to begin their operation in the early 2020s.

  • 07 May 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     PM Abe’ Approval Rating Continues To Decline

     

    Yomiuri conducted its monthly survey on April 20 through 22 on how the Abe Cabinet is publicly approved.

    The approval rating declined to 39% from 42% last time and decreased by 15% from the one before (March 9-11).

    The disapproval rating went up to 53%, which is highest ever since PM Abe formed his Cabinet in 2012.

    62% of those who took the survey listed the lack of trust in PM Abe as the main reason for their disapproval.

    The unanswered questions have been whether or not PM Abe’s political power influenced past decisions by government agencies with regard to some private school’s purchasing bid of governmental property or a local government with regard to establishing a new department for a local university.

    Besides, there are a series of scandals happening at the Ministry of Finance, Defense and some others.

     

    Political parties’ approval ratings are as follows:

     

    LDP      37% (36% last time)

    CDPJ   10% ( 9% last time)

     

    The result of the question of who should be the next prime minister is as follows:

     

    PM Abe                                                        47% (53% last time)

    Shinjiro Koizumi                                        22% (19%)

    Shigeru Ishiba                                            16% (15%)

    Kishida (former Foreign Minister)           4% (6%)

    Kono (Foreign Minister)                            4% (2%)

     

    2.     PM Abe – President Trump Meeting

     

    Although 66% of those who joined the survey valued the PM Abe – President Trump meeting held in Florida in February last year, only 45% valued the summit meeting this time also made in Florida, Yomiuri reported.

    Despite the fact that President Trump agreed to PM Abe’s request to take up the North Korean abduction issue during the meeting between President Trump and Kim Jong-un, which is expected to be held in the beginning of June or earlier, only 20% are optimistic about the possibility of the issue to be solved by the meeting.

    73% do not think any change will be made.

    In order to make North Korea give up its nuclear weapon development and experiment, 46% believe that the world society should emphasize dialogue with them, while 45% believe that pressure should be given.  

     

    3.     Difficulty To Hire At SME And Some Specific Industries

     

    Recruit, one of Japan’s largest HR company publicly announced that 1.88 is the job opening to application ratio for the university students who are to graduate in March next year and begin to work in April.

    It is highest ever since 1995.

    This ratio means 1.88 job openings for one job seeker.

    The ratio jumps to 9.91 as long as Japanese SME are concerned.

    Also, it varies by industry.

    Financial industry’s job opening to application ratio is lowest as 0.2 (5 applicants for one opening), followed by Services and Information Industry (0.45).

    The highest is Retail & Wholesale Industry (12.87), followed by Construction (9.55) and Manufacturing Industry (1.97).

     

    4.     Old Coal Thermal Power Plants To Retire

     

    Yomiuri reported on April 27 that the Japanese Government released a draft plan of its Energy Basic Plan, which is to present a guideline for mid-to-long term energy policies.

    The draft articulates that the existing coal thermal power plants that were built in 1990 or before should phase out considering the poor efficiency and high volume of CO2 emission.

    These old coal thermal plants share roughly half (20,000 megawatts) of Japan’s entire coal thermal power plants.

    The draft plan is suggesting that these old plants should be replaced by one of world’s most advanced type of coal thermal power plant called “Super Super Critical Pressure”.

    The draft also mentions the existing nuclear power plants as “important baseload power source”, while adding an expression that Japan’s dependence on nuclear power should be reduced to the extent possible.

    In the meantime, the draft plan expects to make renewable energy as Japan’s main source of power by reducing power generation cost.

  • 16 Apr 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo
    1.     Renewable Energy To Be Major Source Of Japan’s Energy For 2050
    
     
    
    A private council of METI called Energy Situation Round Table submitted on
    April 10 a proposal for a national energy strategy intended for Japan’s
    ideal energy supply situation in 2050, Mainichi reported.
    
    Under the Paris Agreement, Japan is committed to the target of reducing  its
    greenhouse gas emission by 80% in 2050 from the amount emitted in 2013.
    
    The national energy strategy is going to present Japan’s milestone to
    achieve the above goal.
    
    The round table’s proposal presented an energy portfolio for 2030 consisting
    of Renewable Energy (22% to 24%), Nuclear (20% to 22%) and Thermal Power
    (56%), while for 2050, it positioned Renewable Energy as major source of
    energy and pointed out the necessity of hydrogen technology etc. for energy
    storage to stabilize power supply throughout instability of RE power
    sources. 
    
    It did not mention the role of nuclear power. 
    
     
    
    2.     Henoko Shore Protection Work Started
    
     
    
    Committee for Environment Monitoring etc. of the Ministry of Defense
    announced its judgement on April 9 that the Henoko landfill work would not
    require transplanting the local coral as long as pollution prevention
    measure is strengthened. 
    
    With this judgement as well as the result of the Nago City mayor’ election
    that revealed the loss of the anti-landfill group’s candidate, the Abe
    Administration began the Henoko shore protection work on the 9th.
    
    Once the shore protection work is completed, landfill work work will follow.
    Meantime, Okinawa Governor Takeshi Onaga, who was elected with the campaign
    promise to stop the Henoko project that is to move US Marine Corp’s  Futenma
    Air Station to Henoko is anticipated in this summer to cancel the
    authorization of the landfill work made by his predecessor Governor Hirokazu
    Nakaima in 2013.  
    
    Such cancellation can only be valid if there is a violation of law or
    similar misconduct by authorized parties. 
    
    Governor Onaga is going to claim that the environmental protection measures
    are not sufficient to sustain the authorization. 
    
    In this December, Governor Onaga’s first term expires, while he has some
    health issue, so whether he will run for reelection in November is yet to be
    seen.
    
     
    
    3.     Exit Tax To Be Imposed From Next January
    
     
    
    A new law passed the Diet on the 11th and all the visitors and Japanese who
    are departing Japan on or after January 7  next year will be charged 1,000
    yen per person as exit tax. 
    
    Transfer passengers and small children under two years old as well as crew
    of aircraft and ships are exempted.
    
    The tax revenue will be solely spent to improve the soft infrastructure for
    receiving inbound visitors such as more foreign language based sign boards,
    information dissemination and public Wi-Fi.
    
     
    
    4.     New Working Visa To Become Available Next April
    
     
    
    The Government of Japan announced on the 11th that it would create a new
    working visa category in April 2019.  
    
    This visa is going to be available for technical interns who finished their
    individual Technical Intern Training Programs (TITP) in Japan, which could
    last as long as five years. 
    
    As conditions, TITP interns have to return their mother nations first after
    the completion of TITP, and then apply for this visa temporarily called
    “Specific Skill Qualified Visa” if they want to work in Japan using their
    acquired skill.  
    
    They also have to pass some test as well.
    
    The visa will allow technical interns to stay in Japan for five to seven
    years depending on the original duration of individual TITP.  If a technical
    intern stayed in Japan for TITP for three years, his or her new visa will
    allow a 7 year stay, while in case of a five year TITP, the visa provides a
    five year permit. 
    
    The number of technical interns in Japan is rapidly growing now.
    
    It was 89,033, while now we see 274,233 interns.

  • 03 Apr 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     Schedule Set For Abdication and Enthronement Set

     

    The Abe Administration announced on March 30 that it is planning to take the
    following schedule for Emperor Akihito’s abdication and Prince Hironomiya’s
    ascension to the throne:

     

    February 24, 2019                       Ceremony of the 30th anniversary of Emperor Akihito’s Reign

    End of February 2019                 Announcement of New Emperor’s Era after Heisei(平成)

    April 30, 2019                               Traditional ceremony of the abdication of Emperor Akihito

    May 1, 2019                                  Traditional ceremony of the enthronement of New Emperor Hironomiya

    October 22 and 23, 2019            Public announcement of the enthronement of Emperor Hironomiya and reception to receive greeting from Prime Minister and international heads of states

     

    2.     Accelerated Aging Society – 2045 Population Estimate

     

    National Institute of Population and Security Research announced on March 30 its population estimate for the year of 2045.

    Total population will be 106,420,000, which is around 20 million less than 2015.

    All the 47 prefectures except for Tokyo  will see less people in 2045 than present in their individual areas. Tokyo’s population will be 0.7% more in 2045 than that of 2015.

    The pace of the declination of population is slowing down in comparison with the institute’s previous estimate five years ago thanks to the recent trend of higher birthrates than originally predicted.

    The share of 65 years old or higher will be 36.8% in 2045, while Akita prefecture will see one senior in every two residents(50.1%) in 2045, the institute’s estimate revealed.

    Meanwhile, the Ministry of Justice announced recently that the number of foreign nationals who lived in Japan as of the end of 2017 grew 7.5 percent from a year earlier to reach a record high of 2,561,848.

     

    3.     Safeguard Against U.S. Frozen Beef Removed

     

    The Japanese Government announced on March 30 that it would remove the emergency import restriction measure, or “Safeguard” against frozen beef on April 1.

    This Safeguard had been kicked in by the Japanese Government against U.S. and other frozen beef since August last year when the pace of the increase of the imports exceeded 17% in comparison with the previous year.

    This trigger percentage had been agreed by the U.S. Government and the Japanese Government.

    Once the Safeguard is implemented, the tariff is increased from 38.5% to 50% as far as frozen beef is concerned, and once it is removed, it comes back to 38.5%.

    Most of the U.S. frozen beef are consumed at gyudon (a rice bowl topped with beef) chains like Yoshinoya and Sukiya as well as at many Korean BBQ restaurants in Japan.

    The same mechanism is applied to Australian and New Zealand frozen beef, but the TPP, upon getting effective, will reduce the tariff down to 27.5% and 16 years later to 9% and eventually 0% for the frozen beef imports from those TPP member nations.

     

    4.     High Stock Prices Creating Largest Capital Gain Ever For Corporates

     

    Japan’s fiscal 2017 ended today.

    Yesterday was the last trade day of the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

    Nikkei Average Stock Price ended yesterday at 21,454.3 yen, which is 2,543 yen (13.5%) higher than the last trade day of Fiscal 2016.

    According to Nomura Security, the capital gain of 1,628 companies listed in the stock exchange is roughly 18.5 trillion yen($174.5 billion), which is largest ever since the company started collecting data in 2001 thanks to this favorable trend of the stock exchange market.



     

    5.       JAL and ANA To Ally With Sky Team Members And Others Respectively

     

    Japan Air Lines is a member of the One World Group and ANA is a member of the Star Alliance Group. ANA recently announced that it will begin code-sharing operations and honor mutual mileage members with Alitalia of Italy of the Sky Team Group.

    ANA has been allying with Garuda of Indonesia and Vietnam Air, which belong to different alliance groups than Star Alliance.

    JAL also does the same with Aeroflot of Russia, Aero Mexico and 13 others, none of which is a One World member.

    Yomiuri reports that due to the heated competition against LCCs and to the M&A of airlines, the original alliance group arrangement no longer fits the entire strategic landscape and both JAL and ANA have to pick and choose their right partners to survive the competition.

  • 16 Mar 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Slow But Steady Recovery From The Disaster

     

    March 11 marked the 7th anniversary of the East Japan Great Earthquake, which caused the terrible tsunami killing 15,895 people and making 2,539 people missing.

    The seven years have reduced the number of the evacuees from more than 120 thousand to 70 thousand, while around 3,600 people died during the time due to the causes stemming from the disaster.

    Although the most of the social infrastructures including highways, roads, railways, and utility are recovered, and moving the houses of the survivors of the tsunami deeper inside of the land is completed, redevelopment of the tsunami raided area is not in progress other than creating public parks etc.

     

    Scandal Lowering Abe’s Approval Rating

     

    Yomiuri conducted its monthly survey on March 9 through 11.

    It revealed that the Abe Cabinet approval rating declined to 48% from 54% last month and its disapproval rating increased to 42% from 36%.

    There is an issue reported by the media that the government sold off some nationally-owned land to a private school under favorable terms.

    The media and the opposition parties suspect that some ruling parties’ politicians’ influence made the unfair deal possible.

    The story is becoming a large scandal after an insider of the Ministry of Finance leaked to the media that the ministry intentionally modified past record related to the land deal to hide the private relationship between the school and politicians or their families.

    Now that it is widely known that Mrs. Abe’s name was mentioned in the original document and the MoF removed that part intentionally, the opposition parties, as well as the media, are demanding the ruling parties to summon Mrs. Abe as well as some high ranking MOF officials.

    Due to this scandal, the Diet deliberation is paralyzed and the Abe Cabinet’s plan to explore the very first Constitutional Amendment is now in jeopardy.

    As for an anticipated Trump-Kim top meeting, the survey revealed that 56% expect that the meeting would result in solving the North Korean nuclear and missile weapon issue, while 41% do not.

     

    PM Abe To Visit U.S. In Early April

     

    According to the media report, President Trump called PM Abe in the morning on March 9 Japan time and briefed him on how the Korean government reported to the U.S. about the South-North Korean top meeting, and then shared his intent that the President would accept the invitation by Kim Jong Un for a meeting.

    As the result of the telephone conversation with President Trump, PM Abe announced to the media that he and President Trump agreed that PM Abe would pay a visit to the U.S. early next month to hold a discussion about the North Korean issue.

     

     TPP Signed By 11 Nations

     

    The representatives of all the 11 participating counties of the TPP signed the partnership agreement on March 8 at San Tiago, Chili.

    Its market is roughly 10% of the world GDP having 500 million population.

    It is much smaller than the original TPP 12 including the United States, but the Government of Japan still expects its positive impact including an 1.5% increase of GDP and 460,000 more employment.

    The agreement is to enter into force 60 days after first six nations ratified the agreement.

     

    Sharp’s V-shaped Recovery

     

    Sharp Corporation, once a leading electronics manufacturer in Japan, was acquired by Taiwan’s Hon Hai Precision in 2016 after recognizing large loss due to mismanagement.

    Immediately after the acquisition, Hon Hai sent its No. 2 (Mr. Tai) to Sharp to lead the company as CEO.

    Mr. Tai immediately succeeded in turning the company profitable using Hon Hai’s world distribution channels and made a V-shaped recovery in both revenue and stock price.

    Sharp’s stock returned to the listing of First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange in December last year.

  • 05 Mar 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Serious Human Resources Short Supply Revealed

     

    The Ministry of Welfare and Labor announced on March 1 that the unemployment rate for the month of January was 2.4%, which is the lowest ever since April 1993.

    Although the total number of people employed is increased by 920 thousand to 65,620 thousand in January from a year ago, the demand fulfillment rate was as low as 14.7%, meaning that a company who wants to hire 7 people was able to hire only one.

     

     Softbank Accelerating Acquisition of US Transportation/Delivery Service Providers

     

    In the wake of acquiring the largest stake of Uber, the world largest ride-share company in January, Softbank announced on March 1 that it invested  $535 million into DoorDash, a food delivery service company of San Francisco, Nikkei reported.

    Softbank is one of the three mega mobile carriers in Japan, owning Sprint in the U.S., Yahoo Japan and various ICT, internet and energy-related companies.

    The article suggests that Mr. Masayoshi Son’s plan is to accelerate investment in companies who provide unique technology and resources for transportation and delivery services so that he would be able to systematically create business out of the global flow of not only information and data over internet and electric wave but also the flow of people and delivery.

     

       7th Intelligence Gathering Satellite Placed In The Orbit

     

    The 38th H2A rocket was launched on February 27th from the Tanegashima Space Center and successfully placed an optical intelligence-gathering satellite in the orbit.

    With this placement, Japan operates 3 optical intelligence-gathering satellites and 4 radar intelligence-gathering satellites.

    Their main mission now is to gather intelligence over North Korea so that any symptom of their preparing its ballistic missile launch.

    However, for detecting the actual launching moment, Japan relies on the United States’ Early Warning Satellites’ intelligence.

    This launch of H2A marked the 32nd consecutive success in a row and its success rate is 97.4%.

     

    Rakuten To Enter Mobile Phone Market

     

    The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications announced on February 27 that Rakuten, Japan’s largest online retail and related service provider, applied for new assignment of radio wave frequency bandwidths for mobile phone use.

    Japanese cellphone market has been dominated by the three giants, namely NTT DoCoMo (39.5%), KDDI (au)(27%) and Softbank(23.5%).

    Having 95 million members registered on its online shopping services, Rakuten aims at maximizing the synergy between cellphone services and online shopping services.

    However, investors are concerned about the relatively small scale of Rakuten’s capital and financial strength in comparison with the three existing carriers, thus Rakuten’s stock price has been consistently declining since its announcement of December last year to enter this market.

  • 19 Feb 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     PM Abe Met North Korea’s No.2 Person At Pyeong Chang

     

    PM Abe met with Mr. Kim Yong-nam, the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea on the 9th during the dinner event that was organized by President Moon Jae-in of South Korea to celebrate the opening of the Pyeong Chang Olympic Games.

    Reportedly, PM Abe passed his message to him that the government of Japan demands the North Korean regime to solve the abduction issue that North Korean special forces abducted Japanese civilians tens of years ago and have not returned them back to Japan yet.

    Also demanded was giving up its nuclear missile development program. It is Abe’s first time to meet with a representative of Kim Jong-un’ regime. Kim Yong-nam is ranked No.2 after Kim Jong-un playing the role of head of state outside his country according to Yomiuri.

    He visited South Korea as the head of the North Korean high ranking officials group for the joint participation in the Winter Olympic Games.

     

     

    2.     PM Abe – President Moon Jae-in Meeting At Pyeong Chang

     

    PM Abe met with President Moon Jae-in on the 9th at a hotel in Pyeong Chang for an hour, Yomiuri reported.

    PM Abe demanded that the Moon Administration implement the Japan-Korea agreement on the Comfort Women Issue that was made in 2015.

    The agreement was made with the special recognition that neither country would ever revisit this issue so that the two nations would be able to constructively explore a futuristic bi-lateral relationship.

    However, last year, President Moon released a statement right after his inauguration that he would not think the 2015 agreement would ever solve this issue.

    With this as a background, PM Abe asked President Moon to reconfirm that the Moon’s administration honor the 2015 agreement to be fully implemented.

    President Moon told Abe that he would not request for a re-negotiation of this issue, while he explained that the two nations should further cooperate with each other to solve this issue.

    PM Abe also asked President Moon to reconfirm the Japan-U.S.-South Korean position against North Korea, namely maximum diplomatic and economic pressure to be placed on it without being affected by the North Korean sudden “Smile Diplomacy”.

    President Moon responded that the point that the South-North dialogue would lose the momentum of the international collaboration against North Korea is a needless fear.

     

    3.     PM Abe Keeps High Approval Rating

     

    In his 6th year of the Prime Minister position, PM Abe continues to receive a high approval rating, Yomiuri’s monthly survey revealed.

    According to the survey that was conducted on February 10 and 11, his cabinet approval rating was 54%, which is just the same as the previous month, while its disapproval rating was 36% (35% last time).

    Other key findings were as follows:

     

    With regard to possible Constitutional Amendments, how do you want Article 9 Section 2 that states Japan’s giving up military force to be amended?

    36% - Keep it by adding another statement to define the base for Japan to hold the Self Defense Force

    35% - Delete it and clarify the purpose and nature of the Self Defense Force

    20% - No need to articulate the existence of the Self Defense Force

     

    Do you think the thaw of the South-North Korean relationship contribute to solving the issue of the North Korean nuclear and missile issue?

    12% - Yes

    83% - No

     

    Do you approve the Abe Cabinet plan to move the US Marin Corp’s Futenma Air Station to Henoko?

    44% - Yes

    43% - No

     

    Who should be the next prime minister?

    32% - PM Abe

    25% - Rep Shinjiro Koizumi (Chief Vice Secretary General of LDP)

    21% - Rep Shigeru Ishiba (Former Secretary General of LDP)

     

    Which party do you approve most?

    42% - LDP (36% last time)

    9% - Constitutional Democratic Party (8%)

    36% - Independent (40%)

     

    4.       Pilot Shortage Issue

     

    Yomiuri reported that Japan’s supply of pilots is not keeping up with the pace of the growth of the flights both domestic and international.

    Reportedly, Air Do, a Hokkaido based LCC stopped 26 flights between Chitose (Hokkaido) and Haneda this month due to unavailability of pilots.

    This issue will become serious in 2030 when so many pilots are scheduled to retire.

    The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transportation, who takes care of air transportation policies, is warning the Japanese airlines and interest groups that unless the supply of new pilots increases by 40% by 2030, the demand can never be met.

    A six (6) percent of around 6,400 pilots working in Japan are non-Japanese.

    International market to hire non-Japanese pilots is becoming tighter and tighter due to Chinese LCCs’ strong demand, the article said.

     

    5.       Copy Right Protection Period To Be Extended To 70 Years

     

    The original TPP agreement reached in February 2016 included a U.S. led condition to extend the copyright protection period to 70 years after the authors or writers die in case of novels or music, and after the publication in case of records or CDs etc.

    Those protection periods are both 50 years currently in Japan.

    Since the United States decided to leave the agreement and since the new TPP without the U.S. set aside this condition, the Japanese copyright protection period remains unchanged for now.

    However, the Japan-EU EPA was agreed the end of last year incorporating the 70 years copyright protection period, so the government of Japan will present a bill to revise the Copy Right law accordingly to the Diet on March 8, Yomiuri reported.

     

    6. Agricultural Products Exports Increased By 7.6%

     

    The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery announced on the 9th that Japan’s agricultural, forestry and fishery products exports were 807.3 billion yen ($7.3 B) in 2017, which is a 7.6% increase from the year before.

    It is the 5th consecutive year to break the record of the exports amount.

    The largest contributor is sake and other alcohol beverage, followed by scallops, and pearls.

    Hong Kong imported most of the Japanese agricultural, forestry and fishery products (187.7 billion yen), followed by the United States (111.5 billion yen) , China(100.8 billion yen) and Taiwan (83.8 billion yen).

     

    7. Trade Surplus Shrunk, Current Account Surplus Increased

     

    According to the Statistics of the 2017 Balance of International Payments announced by the Ministry of Finance on the 8th, Japan’s trade surplus diminished by 10.8% to 4,930.8 billion yen ($44.8 B) from 2016, while its current account surplus expanded to 21,874.2 billion yen ($198.9 B), which is 7.5% more than a year before.

    The current account surplus increase is attributable to the increase of the return (dividend) on FDI (9.1% increase to 19,740 billion yen)  and the largest ever surplus of the travel balance (1,763 billion yen).

     

    8. Very Slow But Steady Economic Growth

     

    The Cabinet Office announced on the 14th that the 4th quarter of 2017 marked a 0.1% GDP growth in real term, which is the 8th consecutive quarter that recognized positive economic growth.

    This long continuous growth is for the first time since the bubble economic period, namely from the 2nd quarter of 1986 through the 1st quarter of 1989.

    However, the growth magnitude was much larger in the bubble economy period.

     

    9.  Admission Limit of Original Bill Of Integrated Resort Revealed

     

    The Abe Administration presented to the ruling parties (LDP and Komei) its original bill of Integrated Resort to be presented to the Diet this year, Yomiuri reported.

    The law legalizes casino as part of integrated resort facilities in Japan, which are expected to boost local economies after 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games is over.

    Casino has been illegal in Japan and it is still controversial to legalize it.

    The administration, therefore, came up with the following unique admission limit ideas for the review of the ruling parties.

     

    The maximum number for Japanese and non-Japanese resident in Japan allowed to enter casino is three times per 7 consecutive days.

    The area to place game machines or equipment related to casino is limited to 15,000 square meters or up to 3% of the entire IR area, whichever comes smaller.

     

    Once the groundwork with the ruling parties is completed, the IR law will be deliberated at the Diet this year.

  • 19 Jan 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe Keeps High Approval Rating

     

    Yomiuri conducted the monthly survey from the 12th through 14th this month.

    Some of the key findings are listed below:

                                                                          Yes                                                 No

    Do you approve Abe Cabinet?                54% (53% in December 2017)   35% (36%)

    Do you feel economic recovery               27%                                                73%

    Do you approve Japanese Gov’t            83%                                                11%

     

    Position against Korean Gov’t demand to revisit the 2015 agreement on the Comfort Women’s issue? 88% of the respondents demand the administration to work on economy and employment issues, while only 27% expect it to implement Constitutional Amendment.

    As for the possible amendment of Article 9 Section 2 that denies Japan’s holding military force, 32% of the respondents prefer keeping the section as is and adding a prescription of the base of the existence of the Self Defense Force. 

    34% replied that the section should be removed while inserting the statement to clarify the purpose and nature of the Self Defense Force instead.

    And 22% said there is no need to clarify the base of the SDF in the Constitution.

     

    Outline of Policies for the Aging Society Revealed

     

    The Abe Administration presented the draft of its Outline of Policies for the Aging Society to the ruling LDP on January 17, Yomiuri reported.

    The outline states the following objectives to be achieved by 2020:

     

                                                                          Present                                         2020

    Employment rate of 60-64 years old       63.6% (2016)                                67.0%

    Healthy life expectancy             Male 71.19 years old (2013)       add one or more years by 2020

                                                            Female 74.21                                and add two or more years by 2025

    Seniors’ social activity rate        Male 62.4% (2016)                      80%

                                                            Female 55.0

    Number of welfare taxi               15,128 cars (2016)                      28,000 cars

    Care robots market                      2.47 billion yen (2015)                50 billion yen

     

    The outline also suggests an option for senior people to delay receiving pension payment after 70 years old (increased payment) instead of 65 years old.

    Furthermore, it suggests financial support to senior entrepreneurs for start-ups.

     

    Chinese Warship and Nuclear Attack Submarine Passed Senkaku Archipelagos’ Contiguous Zone

     

    The government of Japan publicly announced on the 11th that a Chinese warship and an unknown submarine passed Senkaku Archipelagos’ contiguous zone on the same day, and it protested against the Chinese Government.

    Later, the unknown submarine was identified by the Maritime Self Defense Force as a Chinese Shang-class Nuclear Attack Submarine.

    According to the media, this type of submarines are equipped with cruise missiles.

    Despite its silent screw sounds, MSDF’s ASW patrol plane was able to chase the submarine continuously and to collect various data of the vessel, the media reported.

    The government of Japan suspects that the Chinese navy is collecting ocean and sea bottom data of channels from the mainland China to the Pacific Ocean.

     

    Foreign Visitors Increased By 19.3%

     

    Japan Tourism Agency announced on the 16th that 28.7 million foreigners visited Japan in 2017, which is 19.3% more than a year before.

    The visitors spent 4.4 trillion yen during their visits in Japan, which is 17.8% more than 2016.

    The largest spenders in 2017 were Chinese visitors with 38.4% of the total, followed by Taiwanese (13%), Korean (11.6%), Hong Kong (7.7%) and the United States (5.7%).

     

    Recruit Tie Up With Airbnb

     

    In preparation for Vacation Rental Business Law to be put in force in June this year, Recruit is entering this new market by collaborating with Airbnb, the world’s largest player in the vacation rental business, the media reported.

    SUMO, a Recruit’s wholly owned subsidiary company, is Japan’s largest real estate information company having more than 6.2 million houses for lease and those properties can be used for vacation rental service users from the world.

    Likewise, Rakuten, Japan’s largest online shopping website established Rakuten Lifull Stay to enter this market and to receive foreign visitors.

    It tied up with Booking.com.

  • 22 Dec 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     Japan – UK 2+2 Meeting

     

    Japan and the United Kingdom held a 2 plus 2 meeting in London on December 14 and announced the following joint statement:

     

    • The two governments will apply maximum possible pressure to North Korea to make it give up its nuclear and missile development.
    • The two governments will collaborate with each other to keep the Indo-Pacific region free and open.  The two continue to share a serious concern about the present situation in the East and South China Seas.
    • The Japanese Ground Self Defense Force and the UK Royal Army will conduct a joint exercise in Japan next year. It should be institutionalized as a periodic joint exercise.
    • A new air-to-air missile will be jointly prototyped as quickly as possible. (The Japanese Air Self Defense Force is assuming to install the missile on its F-35 fighters.)

     

    Foreign Minister Kohno and Defense Minister Onodera visited London and met with their individual counterparts, namely Foreign Minister Johnson and Defense Minister Williamson.

     

    2.     Tax Revenue Increase Reduces New Bond Issuance

     

    Japan’s fiscal 2018 (April 1, 2018 – March 31, 2019) budget is going to assume tax revenue as high as 59.1 trillion yen, which is highest ever since 1991 when the bubble economy peaked the tax revenue.

    Although fiscal 2018’s spending is also increased, the rate of revenue increase is higher than the spending, so the amount of new national bond to be issued to finance the balance between the spending and revenue is going to be reduced from the previous year. 

    It is going to be the 8th consecutive year of reduction of the new national bond issuance amount in a row.

     

    3.     Japan-EU EPA Agricultural Products Protection

     

    In the wake of the agreement of the EPA between Japan and EU, the two governments announced the individual agricultural products with geographical identity(GI), intellectual property of which should be mutually respected and protected as follows:

     

    Japanese agricultural products with GI to be protected:

    • Kobe beef
    • Matsuzaka beef
    • Yonezawa beef
    • Yuubari melon
    • Ichida persimmon
    • Shimonoseki blow fish and 42 others

     

    EU agricultural products with GI to be protected:

    • Camembert de Normandie
    • Roquefort
    • Feta
    • Parmigiano Reggiano
    • Gorgonzola
    • Gouda Holland
    • Mortadella Bologna
    • Cítricos Valencianos and 63 others 

     

    4.       Oi NPP To Be Decommissioned

     

    Yomiuri reported on the 21st that Kansai Electric Power Company decided to decommission it's Oi Nuclear Power Plant #1 and #2 (1.175 MW each) in Fukui Prefecture.

    As the result of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP’s accident of 2011, the safety standard was strengthened.

    These two power plants are 38 years old and they would require a significant amount of investment to clear the new standard if not decommissioned.

    Besides the demand of electric power in the Kansai region is declining.

    Including these two plants, a total of 8 NPPs are decommissioning since the accident of 2011.

     

    5.       Individual Financial Asset Highest Ever

     

    According to the Bank of Japan’s quarterly report of Funds Circulation Statistics, the outstanding balance of Japanese individuals’ financial asset as of the end of September amounts to 1,845 trillion yen, which is 4.7% more in comparison with the same period last year and is highest ever.

    Still, cash/bank deposit accounts for a lion’s share (51.1%) out of the total asset, while stocks and investment trust account for 10.7% and 5.6% respectively.

     

    6. TPP To Be Signed In February 2018

     

    Yomiuri reported that the Government of Japan is coordinating with the other 10 member nations to organize a signing ceremony for the Trans Pacific Partnership sometime between the end of February and early March 2018 in Chile.

    After the signature, the partnership agreement becomes effective 60 days after a minimum of six nations ratify the deal.

     

    This issue is the last one for the year.

    Thank you so much for your subscription this year. 

    I wish you a happy holiday season and a healthy and prosperous 2018!

  • 11 Dec 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Emperor’s Abdication and New Emperor’s Enthronement Formalized

     

    Imperial Household Council was convened on December 1 with PM Abe as chairman. 

    The council members consisted of His Imperial Highness Prince and Princess Hitachi, Chairman and Vice Chairman of the House of Representatives and of the House of Councilors, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and a few others.

    The council unanimously agreed that Emperor Akihito is to abdicate on April 30, 2019 and Prince Hironomiya is to be enthroned on May 1, 2019.

    It is going to be almost 200 years since a living Emperor abducted and was succeeded by a new Emperor at the last time (1817).

    The Government of Japan is considering to make April 30, May 1 and 2 national holidays so that the Golden Week of 2019 becomes ten straight holidays from April 27 through May 6.

    The name of the new era after Heisei (平成) will be decided and announced within the next year.

    PM Abe will ask pundits and scholars of Japanese literature and Chinese literature to come up with a long list of candidates that meet the following criteria:

     

    • Having suitable meanings as Japanese people’s ideal
    • Consisting of two Chinese characters
    • Easy to write
    • Easy to read
    • Not used as worldly-minded

     

    It will be narrowed down to a short list through legal and other important perspectives.

    And finally, the Cabinet members will discuss to choose one.

    Before his abdication, Japanese people will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Emperor Akihito’s reign on January 7, 2019.  

     

    Tariff Agreement To Precede For Japan-EU EPA

     

    The frame of the Japan-EU EPA was agreed by both sides in July this year.

    Now the representatives of the Japanese and EU governments for the EPA negotiation agreed to separate the investment field of the EPA from the deal and to reach an agreement first on the other fields of it, namely tariff elimination and simplification of government procurement and customs clearance procedures etc., Yomiuri reported on Dec 2.

    The tariffs of around 94% of the EU items that have been exported to Japan will be eliminated and the tariffs of around 99% of the Japanese items that have been exported to EU will be eliminated.

    The largest beneficiary in the EU will be the producers of cheese and wine, while the Japanese auto industry will benefit from this deal a lot.

    EU can ratify this agreement on behalf of the 28 member nations including the UK as far as their tariffs are concerned, while the 28 individual member nations need to ratify investment deals through their individual parliaments.

    The Government of Japan and EU gave priority to the speed of launching the tariff deal as early as in the first half of 2019 after the mutual ratification next year.


    And just a few minutes ago, TV news reported that PM Abe announced to the media that the two sides agreed on the tariffs today.

     

      Corporate Tax Rate Reduction As Incentive To Invest For Salary And Productivity Increases

     

    The Abe Administration and the ruling LDP have solidified a new policy to lower the corporate tax rate as an incentive for Japanese companies to invest their abundant cash for their employees’ salary and productivity increases instead of increasing their retained earnings, Yomiuri reported on Dec. 8.

    Currently, the effective corporate tax rate is 29.97% and it is to be reduced to 29.74% next year.

    The incentive plan is to reduce the rate to as low as 20% for those companies which meet the following conditions:

     

    1st Step:  the corporate tax rate will be reduced to 25% for those who meet the following conditions:

    • Wage/salary increase by 3%, and
    • Increase of capital investment by a certain target percentage

     

    2nd Step: the corporate tax rate will be further reduced to 20% for those who invest in advanced technology such as AI or sophisticated software.

     

    Enhancement of Japan’s BMD Capability To Be Accelerated

     

    Yomiuri reported on Dec 8 that the Government of Japan decided to initiate the program to study how to introduce the U.S. Aegis Ashore, a land based Aegis BMD system in this fiscal year (2017) by inserting the fund in this fiscal year’s supplemental budget.

    Originally, this program was to be launched in JFY2018, but the mounting North Korean threat is demanding an acceleration for Japan to strengthen the current BMD capability.

    According to Yomiuri, it is assumed that two Aegis Ashore systems are sufficient to defend entire Japan against the North Korean ballistic missiles by deploying one in Akita Prefecture and the other in Yamaguchi Prefecture.

  • 27 Nov 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.    Emperor To Abdicate On April 30, 2019

     

    Yomiuri reported that the Abe Administration got into the final detail to implement the following schedule of the Emperor’s abdication, the new Emperor’s enthronement, and era change:

     

    December 1      Imperial Household Council meeting to discuss about the abdication timing

    December 8      The Cabinet finalizes the date of Emperor’s abdication as a Cabinet order.

    Within 2018      The Cabinet decides on the name of the new era after Heisei and publicly announces it.

    April 30, 2019   Emperor’s abdication (anticipated)

    May 1, 2019      New Emperor’s enthronement and a new era begins.

     

    Emperor’s abdication is not presumed in the present Constitution, but the present Emperor announced his desire to step down in August last year considering the difficulty to fulfill the duty due to his age.

    It urged the Government to structure a legal process to enable living Emperor’s abdication.

    Such a legal process is almost over through the Diet session except for the positioning of the ritual of abdication as a Constitutional function of the Emperor or not. 

     

    2.    How To Keep The Sufficient Base of The House Of The Imperial Prince

     

    Under the current Imperial Household Law, once a princess marries to a man, who is not a member of the House of Imperial Prince, she is no longer a member of the House.

    For example, Princess Mako, the first daughter of Prince Akishinomiya earlier announced that she is marrying to a private citizen and she announced this week that the wedding is conducted in November next year. 

    After the wedding, she is no longer a princess but a private citizen.

    This is because emperors have been succeeded on the male line basis without exception since its inception.

    However, this rule is now functioning to reduce the total number of the members of the House and the current members’ workload to not only fulfill Constitutional functions but also participate in national events as the honorable guest are growing much.

    The Government of Japan, therefore, is going to organize nationwide discussions on how to keep the sufficient base of the House of the Imperial Prince right after the Emperor’s abdication is made.

    One possibility is to allow the House of the Imperial Princess.  However, whether allowing a female line emperor or not is a difficult and delicate issue considering the 2660 years of seamless imperial history (including myth).

     

    3.    Fast Breeder Reactor Monju’s Decommissioning Begins

     

    The Abe Administration decided to decommission the Fast Breeder Reactor Monju December last year in response to Nuclear Regulation Authority’s recommendation to look for a new operational organization to manage to operate this accidents-laden R&D reactor.

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency under the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology announced this week that it would apply to Nuclear Regulation Authority for its decommissioning by the end of this month.

    Once approved, it will begin retrieving the nuclear fuel in the next fiscal year.

    The fuel retrieving work continues through 2022, followed by 20 years of work to remove equipment and piping systems of the reactor plus 5 years of dismantling and removal of the building.

     

    4.Keidanren’s Visit To China

     

    Mr. Sadayuki Sakakibara, Chairman of Keidanren, Federation of Economic Organizations took the delegation of the Japan-China Economic Association to China this week and met with Prime Minister Li Keqiang.

    Mr. Sakakibara said in a press conference that he felt a different China being more positive and friendly for collaboration.

    Considering the downtrend of Japan’s investment to China since its peak in 2012, PM Li expressed his hope that the Japanese business come back to China and contribute to Chinese economy by fresh investment.

    The chairman told the media that the attitude of the top leaders of China changed to be a lot more positive, receptive and welcoming than before when the Senkaku Archipelago issue had frozen the relationship in 2012.

    The media suspected that the change is coming from the Chinese President Xi Jinping’s “One Belt One Road” policy that is trying to connect China to Europe through the Eurasia Continent both on the ground and through the ocean, and requires a lot of investment for infrastructure etc.

  • 13 Nov 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    President Trump’s Visit

     

    President Trump visited Japan from November 5 through 7 with three summit meetings with PM Abe and a courtesy visit to Emperor and Empress as well as a meeting with the members of the families, whose children or brothers/sisters were abducted by North Korea. President Trump played golf with PM Abe and a top Japanese golf player Mr. Matsuyama at the Kasumigaseki Country Club.

    The two leaders signed a MoU to cover collaboration in exporting mutual infrastructure products in the field of energy, ICT and transportation to the Indo-Pacific region.

    In case of energy, Yomiuri reported that the Japanese Government and the U.S. Government agreed to promote exports of American shale gas and Japanese thermal power plant and associated facilities as a package deal to emerging economies in Asia and Africa.

    Although the Trump administration is exploring exports of shale gas produced in the United States to the world, most of the energy-hungry emerging nations in Asia and Africa are lacking LNG related facilities, pipelines and high-efficiency thermal plants that burn natural gas.

    To this end, the government of Japan, with the support of the U.S. Government, will facilitate Japanese industries to invest in building LNG related facilities, gas pipelines and high-efficiency thermal plants in the region so that such nations will be able to import American shale gas for power generation.

    Japan’s JBIC and NEXI signed a MoU with the U.S. OPIC on Nov 7.

    This collaboration makes sense to Japan and U.S. not only for mutual business but more importantly for geopolitics because China is leading infrastructure exports in the Eurasia continent under the campaign of “One Belt One Road”.

     

    Dialogue Oriented Approach To North Korea Hoped Most

     

    Yomiuri conducted a public survey on November 1 and 2 in conjunction with the new Cabinet that PM Abe formed on the 1st of November.

    The approval rating of PM Abe remained unchanged at 52% from the last time (October 23 and 24), while its disapproval rating went up to 40% from 37%.

    In response to the question which options the international society should choose against the North Korean issue, either a dialogue-oriented approach or a pressure-oriented approach, 48% of the respondents chose the former and 41% for the latter.

    Other key Q&As are as follows:

     

    What are the top issues the Cabinet should work on now?

    Diplomatic and national security issues including the North Korean issue: 62%

    Economy and employment: 62%

     

    Do you approve PM Abe’s decision to reappoint all the Cabinet members this time?

    Yes: 45%

    No:  39%

     

    Do you approve that PM Abe stays in the position after September next year when the 2nd term of the presidency of the LDP expires?

    Yes: 43%

    No:  46%

     

    Countermeasure of Declining Population to be Launched

     

    PM Abe made it clear in the press conference of November 1 that his Cabinet would work on the issue of declining population and aging society from its social insurance perspectives.

    He implied a plan worth 2 trillion yen including free preschool education for all the 3 to 5 years old children (kindergartens and nursery schools) and for 0 to 2 years old of low-income families.

    Also, the plan is expected to include some investment to clear the issue of children on the waiting list (kindergartens and nursery schools) and free higher education for children of low-income families.

    Furthermore, the plan is to cover improving care workers’ pays, promoting recurrent education and higher education reform.

    All the necessary funding to implement this plan is to come from the scheduled increase of the consumption tax from 8% to 10% in October 2019.

    PM Abe told that the detail of the plan would be announced early next month.

     

    TPP 11 Reached Agreement In Principle

     

    NHK reported today that the TPP 11 nations (Japan, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Chili, and Peru) reached agreement in principle during the ministerial meeting held in Da-nang, Vietnam.

    Mr. Mogi, Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization chaired the ministerial meeting and told the story to NHK in the evening of November 10 right after the meeting ended.

    Japanese consumers will find Australian beef cheaper once the deal is implemented thanks to the scheduled reduction of the tariff from the present 38.5% to 27.5% and eventually to 9%.

    Likewise, New Zealand’s cheese will be cheaper thanks to the scheduled reduction of the tariff from the present 29.8% through various reduction steps to 0%.

  • 30 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe’s Triumph

     

    The snap election was held on Sunday the 22nd and the ruling parties, namely LDP and Komei dominated the seats of the House of Representatives as follows:

     

                             Before the election            after the election

     

    LDP                       290                                   284 (-6)

    Komei                     34                                      29 (-5)

    Hope                       57                                      50 (-7)

    CDPJ                        15                                      55 (+40)

    Communist            21                                      12

    Restoration             14                                      11

     

    CDP: Constitutional Democratic Party

     

    The total number of the members of the House of Representatives is reduced by 10 to 465 in this election as the result of the judiciary adjustment of the number of the members per constituency.

    The ruling parties namely LDP and Komei were able to share more than the two-third line (310) once again, which enables them to propose a Constitutional Amendment in the Diet.

    Now, CDJ became the leading opposition party but it is the weakest leading opposition party in terms of the number of the Lower House member ever since the end of the war.

                 

    Post Election Approval Ratings

     

    On October 24 and 25, right after the snap election, Yomiuri conducted a public survey. 

    The following are main results (data in the parentheses are the results of the previous survey conducted on October 7 and 8):

     

    Do you approve the Abe Cabinet?                       Yes 52% (41%)               No 37% (46%)

    Was it good or bad that the ruling parties’ share is beyond the two-thirds of the total of the Lower House members?         Good 48%                       Bad 36%

    Which party do you approve most:       

    LDP 43%(33%),

    CDP 14% (4%),

    Hope 5% (8%),

    Komei 4% (3%),

    Communist 3%(3%),

    Restoration 2%(1%)

     

    Governor Koike Remains to be Party President

     

    According to Yomiuri, Governor Koike, who was interviewed by the former U.S. Ambassador to Japan Ms. Caroline Kennedy in Paris during her business trip, told that there was an “Iron Ceiling” in the national election of October 22.

    When she won the Tokyo Metropolitan Governor’s election, Gov. Koike said to the media that she broke through the glass ceiling, but this time, her party (Party of Hope) was completely defeated in the election of the House of Representative.

    On October 25, she came back from Paris and attended her party’s management meeting.

    She reportedly apologized to the members for the loss of the election saying that it is attributable to her careless statement that she would have tried to exclude the liberal side of the members of the Democratic Party.

    This statement may have led to the great advancement of Constitutional Democratic Party and 19 independent members, who originally belonged to the Democratic Party.

    Asked by the media if she would resign the Party President position, Gov. Koike replied that she would remain in the position because she needs to assume the responsibility of the founder of the Party.

    She said she would concentrate on the governor’s job, while the party’s national political activity should be led by the Party’s Diet members.

     

    President Trump’s First Visit to Japan

     

    President Trump and the First Lady will make their first official visit to Japan as Distinguished Official Guests Visiting on Business from November 5 through 7.

    The Emperor and Empress will receive the courtesy visit by the first couple and PM Abe will hold the fifth official face-to-face meeting with President Trump during his stay in Japan.

    PM Abe and President Trump will meet with some of the families whose children or brothers/sisters were abducted by North Korea and have not been returned to Japan yet.

    Also, the two leaders are going to play golf together with Japan’s top professional golfer Hideki Matsuyama.

    Around ten thousand police officers were called to downtown Tokyo to conduct a security check on the streets, stations and other public places.

     

     

    Have a wonderful weekend!

  • 16 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

     LDP To Remain In Power

     

    Yomiuri reported its monthly (October) survey result as follows (the figures in the parentheses are the September survey result):

                            

    Do you approve PM Abe & Cabinet       Yes: 41% (43%)   No: 46% (46%)

    Your favorite political party:

    LDP 33% (32%)

    Party of Hope 8% (9%)

    the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan(Note 1) 4%

    Independents 38% (40%)

     

    (Note 1)

    The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ) was founded by Rep. Edano, who once assumed the Vice President of the Democratic Party after he lost the party presidency against Rep. Maehara in September this year.

    He left the party and founded CDPJ by grouping the liberal side of the Democratic Party members when President Maehara decided to bring all his party members under the endorsement of the newly founded Party of Hope.

     

    The survey expanded the questions to cover the respondents’ attitude on the upcoming general election of October 22.

    The result was as follows:

    Which party are you going to vote in the coming election for the Proportional Representation System(Note 2)?

    LDP 32% (34%)

    Hope 13% (19%)

    CDPJ 7%,

    Komei 5% (6%)

    Communist 4% (5%)

    Undecided 27% (25%)

     

    (Note 2)

    Voters cast two votes, one for a specific candidate in the voters’ individual districts (Single Seat Constituency System) and the other for a party (Proportional Representation System).

     

    What is your most comfortable administration structure?

    The present LDP+Komei coalition                                                           44%

    LDP + part of opposition parties on a policy cooperation basis         54%

    LDP alone                                                                                                     16%

    Coalition of the present opposition parties                                             20%

     

     Party of Hope Stalling/LDP Securing the Majority Yomiuri Forecast

     

    Yomiuri revealed its election forecast as of October 11 based on the aforementioned survey result coupled with its individual local branches’ interviews as follows:

     

    LDP: Surpassing the majority seats (233) and almost reaching the overwhelming majority (261) that chair all the standing committees.

    Hope: Despite the number of the candidates (198), they are mostly behind in most of the Single Seat Constituency Districts except for 7 districts, and the number of seats the party is expected to gain from the Proportional Representation System is less than 40 at this moment.

    CDPJ: Almost surpassing the line of 40 seats

     

    Yomiuri analyzed that anti-Abe/LDP voters tend to choose CDPJ as their nest instead of the Party of Hope. 

    The magnet of the Party of Hope is surely Governor Koike, but she decided not to run for this national election but to stay as Governor of Tokyo, meaning the party leader cannot become PM or form her Cabinet.

    Besides, the clear difference of campaign promises between LDP and Hope are mostly just two points as opposed to many for CDPJ.  Making the scheduled increase of the Consumption Tax from 8% to 10% to be a source of freeing the educational cost of small children (LDP promise) vs. cancelling the scheduled increase and staying at the current 8%(Hope), and keeping the nuclear power generation (LDP) vs. shutting down all the nuclear power plants by 2030.  

     

    Nikkei Marked Highest Since 1996

     

    Nikkei marked 20,881 yen on October 11, which is the highest ever since 1996.

    Export-oriented industries’ stock prices are on an upward trend thanks to the U.S. and steadily growing global economy coupled with relatively weak yen.

    But, in reality, it seems that the Government of Japan is now playing a major role of the investor in the stock exchange because the Bank of Japan has been heavily investing in Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) , while Incorporated Administrative Agency to manage public pension fund has been purchasing the substantial amount of listed stocks.

    The two organizations tripled the outstanding balance of the stock acquisition from 15 trillion yen (2012) to 51 trillion yen (2017).

     

    Tokyo Ranked #3 – Global City Power Index

     

    Mori Building Company’s research institute by the name of Institute of Urban Strategies of Mori Memorial Foundation released on October 12 this year’s Global City Power Index.

    The highest in the ranking was London, followed by New York, and Tokyo was ranked the 3rd.

    The institute evaluates 70 indices such as unemployment rate, longevity, river water quality, taxi fare, temperature and so forth to score six power factors, namely Economy, R&D, Cultural Interaction, Livability, environment, and Accessibility.

    44 major cities were selected for this ranking since 2008.

     

    For more detail, please visit the following link:

    http://mori-m-foundation.or.jp/english/ius2/gpci2/index.shtml

  • 02 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Governor Koike Formed Party of Hope

     

    Governor Yuriko Koike of Tokyo Metropolitan Government formed a new national political party by the name of Party of Hope on September 25.

    The party was formed in time for the upcoming national election of the members of the House of Representatives due on October 22.

    Since it is a brand new party, it does not have a long list of its candidates or large cash reserve to financially support its candidates either.

    Rep. Maehara, the newly elected president of Democratic Party decided to allow its members to receive the endorsement of Party of Hope, and once the endorsement is given, Democratic Party will provide Party of Hope with financial support.

    In the first press interview held to introduce her new party on Sept 27, Governor Koike described the mission of the party to run politics without the interference of any interest groups and conduct bold reforms so that Japan can be reset.

    She also explained that her party’s value is conservatism with generous reform spirit burning.

    As for campaign promises, she mentioned freezing the scheduled increase in the consumption tax from the current 8% to 10% in 2019 and shutting down all the nuclear power plants by 2030.

    She is trying to make her party a very viable alternative to the LDP.

     

    Ms. Koike graduated Cairo University in Egypt, became an Arabic language translator, then a TV newscaster and eventually a politician in 1992 as the member of the House of Councilors.

    She won that election as a member of Japan New Party that was formed by then Kumamoto Governor Morihiro Hosokawa in 1992.

    Then, she stood as a candidate for the House of Representatives in Hyogo Prefecture’s 2nd District and won the election as well.

    After the dissolution of Japan New Party in 1994, she joined the newly born conservative parties one by one, which formed a coalition with then ruling LDP.

    In 2002, she joined the LDP and since then, she assumed several key positions of the parties as well as the cabinet member positions (Minister of Environment under PM Koizumi and Defense Minister under PM Abe’s very first Cabinet).

    Governor Koike stood as a candidate for the president of the LDP in 2008 when then PM Fukuda stepped down the prime minister office.

    Then, in 2016 when the former Tokyo Governor Yoichi Masuzoe resigned the governor’s position due to his mixing up official business with personal affairs, she stood as a candidate not under the LDP sponsorship but on its own to criticize the former governor and its party, LDP.   She won the election overwhelmingly against not only LDP’s candidate but also the candidates of the Democratic Party and Communist Party.

    Right after the win, she formed a regional political party called Tokyo Residents First Party and gathered candidates of the members of the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly and coached them to win the Assembly election for 2017.

    And in this past July, the Tokyo Assembly Members’ election was held and Governor Koike’s party gained 55 seats out of 127, formed a coalition with New Komei Party (23 members) to be the ruling parties, and ousted the LDP to a minority party.

    These past 14 months of her political challenges made Ms. Koike so visible and popular nationally although she represents just one prefecture out of 47.

    With this nationally popular figure as a source of political capital, some alliance or even unification of the opposition parties by forming a new political party with the crown of Ms. Koike had been contemplated by the opposition parties’ leaders.

    This movement turned out to be this rush of forming Party of Hope this week due probably to the move of PM Abe’s dissolution of the House of Representatives.


    PM Abe Dissolved Lower House

     

    PM Abe on Sept 28 dissolved the House of Representatives and the Cabinet decided that the national election will be held on October 22.

    The incumbent 475 members were elected in December 2014, and their full term could have lasted up to December 2018 if there were no dissolution.

    Out of the 475, LDP had 287 and New Komei had 35 making the ruling coalition parties cover more than two-thirds of the entire seats.

    Although PM Abe explained the reason for the dissolution that he wants Japanese people to judge his new agenda to use the revenue from the scheduled increase of the consumption tax for education instead of repaying the government debt and to strengthen diplomatic and defense policy against North Korea as well as to amend the Constitution, he might have tried to strategically nip the bud before Governor Koike’s political capital taking shape on the national stage.

    Now, PM Abe is reportedly setting the bar of his definition of “win” down to the “majority” instead of the “two-thirds”, which are needed to set the Constitutional Amendment procedure in motion in the Diet.

    Whether this represents his miscalculation of the election timing or not is yet to be seen.

     

     PM Abe/LDP Approval Ratings Downing

     

    Yomiuri revealed the result of its monthly survey of the Cabinet and the political parties’ approval ratings etc.

    Although PM Abe’s approval rating went up to 50% in August, it went down to 43% this month.

    LDP’s approval rating also went down to 32% from 40%, while the newly formed Party of Hope gained 9%.

    It found 40% “independent” voters.

    As time goes by, Party of Hope’s campaign promises becomes clear and an alliance of the opposition parties take shape, which may gain much more support from the independent.

  • 19 Sep 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

     PM Abe Regaining Political Capital

     

    NHK reported in the evening news on September 11 that the Abe Cabinet’s approval rating went up by 5% to 44% from the last survey 3 months ago, while its disapproval rating downed by 7% to 36%.

    PM Abe’s determined attitude against North Korea, as well as new Defense Minister Onodera and new Foreign Minister Kono's high visibility in the individual fronts, have been forming an image of a reliable and skillful cabinet under the difficult geopolitical circumstances.

    Democratic Party, the largest opposition party has elected its new president Maehara. 

    However, even the fresh start has not seemingly been able to successfully change the party’s image to a realistic alternative to replace the LDP. 

    It may be due to some lingering internal conflicts and small personal scandals.

    Also, Yomiuri reported on the 12th that its monthly survey, which was conducted from Sept 8 through 10 revealed that the Cabinet approval rating jumped to 50% from 42% of last month, while its disapproval rating dropped to 39% from 48%.

     

    Following are the political parties’ approval ratings:

    LDP                  40% (36% last time)

    Democratic       5% (6%)

     

    Japan To Approach ASEAN Closer For RCEP Vis-a-vis China

     

    Yomiuri reported that the government of Japan has solidified its policy to support the ASEAN member nations to make all the necessary laws and rules in place to prevail electric commerce, to smoothen the trade and to protect IP through cross-border deals. 

    Japan’s intent is to conclude the RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: ASEAN (10) + 6 (Japan, China, Korea, India, Australia, New Zealand)) as soon as possible by exhibiting its initiative and leadership to ASEAN.

    China has been influencing the ASEAN nations under its “Belt and Road” policy, a new Silk Road vision to integrate the Eurasia Continent and its seas with the China-centric economic zone.

    Although the China-centric economic zone concept – One Band One Road - looks attractive to ASEAN thanks to its scale of the market, they are also concerned about being integrated with any external economic zone without sufficient know-how to protect individual consumers and local industries from global multi-nationals.

    Japan’s support is to provide them with such know-how. 

    It might be a bottom-up approach vis-a-vis China’s top-down approach for the RCEP. 

     

    Japan Focuses On Closing TPP-11

     

    The Abe Cabinet set the goal to reach an outline agreement of the TPP among the 11 member nations in this year’s APEC Summit Meeting in November.

    The Abe administration once tried to persuade the United States to stay in the TPP, but after President Trump’s signing the Executive Order to depart from the partnership, it changed the game plan to lead the remaining 11 countries including Japan to reach a smaller scale TPP without the U.S.

    The head negotiators meeting has been being held at an unprecedentedly high pace, almost every month and its next meeting is going to be held in Japan this month.

     

     New Policy To Support Lifestyle Of The “100 Year Life”

     

    The Abe Administration recently launched a new policy titled “Human Development Innovation” and organized the “100 Year Life Era Concept Forum” to explore institutional reform of education, employment, social security and so forth to keep up with the growing aging society.

    Its first meeting was held on September 11 and in that meeting, Professor Lynda Gratton of London Business School, whose book titled “The 100-Year Life: Living and Working in an Age of Longevity” was widely published, was invited.

    She shared her thought in the meeting that the current typical life pattern of education phase, work phase, and retirement phase should be redesigned to accommodate and represent the 100 years of lifespan.   

    The forum is going to discuss on how accessibility and availability of education to the wide spectrum of generations should be improved while mitigating the financial burden of educational cost for households with small kids. 

    They will talk about how to expect senior people’s contribution as workforce and how to finance social security requirement for such a longer life.

  • 25 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo
    1. ハッカビストAnonymousの大統領弾劾と反白人至上主義活動
    2. オレオレ詐欺の防止となるか? Google Home
    3. 東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化
    4. 中東フリーランサー東京報告26

    ハッカビストAnonymousの大統領弾劾と反白人至上主義活動 ​​​​​

     

    ハッカーで活動家をハッカビストと呼ぶようだが、その代表的な集団のAnonymousが先週、米議会共和党現役議員の中の22名の個人用携帯電話番号をネット上で公開した。

    狙いは一般市民がそれらの主力議員に電話を入れトランプ大統領の弾劾を要求させることにあるとみられる。

    その背景にはその前の週末にシャーロットビルでの白人至上主義者とそれに抗議するリベラルグループとのぶつかり合いに対する大統領の「双方が非難されるべき」発言があるという。

    ワシントンポストの取材では、この個人携帯情報は“AnonOps”というグループが入手したとのことなるもリークで得たのか、ハッキングで盗んだのかは不明という。

    Anonymousは昨年の大統領選期間中を含めこの2年間表立った活動を行ってこなかった。 

    この点、ウィキリークスやGuccifer2.0といったオンラインの活動グループは専ら民主党幹部の電子メールを公表し昨年11月の選挙への影響を行使したと言われている。

    また白人至上主義グループのウェブサイトDaily Stormerがサイバーアタックで閉鎖中の状況にあるのはAnonymousの仕業であると同サイトを運営するグループは非難しているが、当のAnonymousは関与を否定している。

    一方、Anonymousが力を入れているのが南北戦争時の南部同盟(Confederate)を顕彰する11の都市の記念運動を止めさせる運動である。

    奴隷制継続を求めて戦った南部同盟を称える動きと白人至上主義の運動を重ねてみるのは当然であり、AnonymousはConfederate関連のウェブサイトへのサイバーアタックをかけているようである。

    一方、トランプ大統領はツイッターで「南部同盟のシンボルが無くなるのを見ることは悲しい」とつぶやき、シャーロットビルの発言で共和党幹部や大企業幹部の総スカンを食った後にもかかわらずまったく懲りていない無神経さを示していた。

     

    オレオレ詐欺の防止となるか? Google Home

     

    アメリカでは50.8%の世帯が固定電話を持たず携帯電話のみで電話をかけ、受けているという。

    そのようなアメリカの家庭向けにグーグルがGoogle Homeというスマートスピーカーを登場させた。

    電話をかける人が携帯電話を持っていたり、料理中であったりと、手がふさがっていても、Google Homeは音声だけでスピーカーフォンとして機能する。

    通話は無料で、また既存の携帯電話番号を使うものでもないため、極端な話、携帯電話で誰かと通話中に、別の誰かとも並行して通話できる。

    またGoogle Homeは音質を認識できることから通話相手を例えば家族に限定するということも可能という。

    Google Homeはアマゾン、マイクロソフトおよびサムソンによるスマートホームハブというプロジェクトの一環で開発された。 

    廃れ行く固定電話の新たな進化形を標榜しているとワシントンポストでは記しているが、いわゆる有線ではなくWiFiに基づくIP電話であり、ネットを通じて家庭の情報をビッグデータに取り込む大企業の戦略の一環であろう。 

    スピーカーフォンの欠点の音質の悪さと、IP電話のため緊急電話(911)がかけられないという短所もある。

    ただ、家族の声を聞き分けられるならばオレオレ詐欺の防止になるのではないであろうか??

     

    東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

     

    (1) 中国

    * 台湾F-35Bステルス戦闘機の売却を米国に要求

    台湾の主要紙の一つである自由時報は、「米台の軍高官らによる年次会合が、米国のハワイで開かれ、台湾側がステルス戦闘機F35Bの売却を正式に要求した。」と報じている。

    この会議には、米側から太平洋軍のハリス司令官ら、台湾側から「国家安全会議」の陳副秘書長らが出席している、所謂要人が参席した会議である。

    尚、台湾側は自主開発を目指す通常動力型潜水艦の技術移転も求めたと伝えられている。

     

    (2)韓国

    * 三星電子、日本のスマホ市場で8.8%のシェアを記録

    米国の調査会社であるストラテジー・アナリティクス(SA)は、韓国の三星電子が本年4~6月期に日本のスマートフォン市場で70万台を販売し、8.8%のシェアを記録したと報告している。

    6月上旬にNTTドコモとauから発売された最新の旗艦機種「ギャラクシーS8」シリーズが売れ、アップルの41.3%(330万台)、ソニーの16.3%(130万台)に続くシェア3位となっている。

     

    * 済州島、訪問日本人観光客微増

    済州島は韓国有数の観光地であり、外国人観光客の多い地域である。

    こうした中、済州特別自治道政府によると、本年1月1日から8月10日までに済州島を訪れた日本人観光客は3万800人となっており、前年同期の2万9,649人に比べて3.9%増加している。

    日本人観光客の増加は韓国全体にとっても朗報となっている。

     

    [主要経済指標]

    1. 対米ドル為替相場

    韓国:1米ドル/1,136.77(前週対比+2.00)

    台湾:1米ドル/30.29ニュー台湾ドル(前週対比+-0.00)

    日本:1米ドル/109.93円(前週対比-0.34)

    中国本土:1米ドル/6.6689人民元(前週対比+0.0011)

     

    2. 株式動向

    韓国(ソウル総合指数):2,348.26(前週対比14.04)

    台湾(台北加権指数):10,369.57(前週対比+144.29)

    日本(日経平均指数):19,702.63(前週対比+165.53)

    中国本土(上海B):3,246.451(前週対比-9.091)

     

    中東フリーランサー東京報告26

     

    三井物産戦略研究所の大橋研究員から「中東フリーランサー東京報告26」を受領しましたので添付の通り共有させていただきます。

    大橋さんからのコメントを下記いたします。

     

    「残暑お見舞い申し上げます。暑い時に暑苦しい中東のレポートをお送り申し上げます。夏休みの読み物にふさわしいかどうかわかりませんが、ご笑覧ください。

    今回は、カタール危機も触れましたが、以前から気になっていたイエメン問題のまとめをしてみました。サウジ政府のロジックもあり、イエメン内戦をシーア派イランの陰謀→シーア派対スンニー派の代理戦争のように解説する向きが散見せられますが、実態はより根深い、歴史的背景を背負っており、この点はカタール危機にも一脈通じます。ただしシバの女王以来の歴史を延々と辿っても意味がないので(結構興味深い内容ですが)、現今の内戦に関連する事項のみを取り纏めてみました。特に米ソ冷戦とアラブ冷戦の関係は興味深い点ではありますが、今回の内戦には直接の関係は薄いので、大幅に切り詰めました。イエメンには馴染みの薄い方が多いと思いますが、現状のご理解の一助になれば幸甚です。」

  • 21 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Majority Do Not Prefer PM Abe’s 3rd Term

     

    Yomiuri and Waseda University jointly conducted a survey to find the public sentiment about politicians and political parties.

    One of the questions was “how long do you want PM Abe to stay in the position?

    41% of the people who participated in the survey replied: “up until September 2018 when the present term as the President of the LDP expires”.

    23% responded that “he should step down immediately”.

    Although 56% of those who approve the LDP replied that “PM Abe should stay through the next (3rd) term (until September 2021) or longer”, the survey revealed that the great majority of the total respondents are denying the 3rd term.

    As for the intimate feeling to individual politicians and political parties, following are the scores with the scale of 0 (least intimate), 50(neutral) to 100 (most intimate):

     

    <Politicians>

    87th PM Junichiro Koizumi         55.1

    Governor Yuriko Koike               54.9

    Rep Shinjiro Koizumi                  54.2 (Deputy Chief Secretary of the LDP, son of PM Koizumi)

    PM Shinzo Abe                            47.0

    Rep Shigeru Ishiba                     47.0

     

    <Political Parties>

    LDP                                                49.5

    New Komei Party                         33.2

    Japan Restoration Party             31.1

    Democratic Party                          30.4

    Communist Party                         24.9

     

     North Korean Threat Could Be Interpreted As “Crisis of the Existence”

     

    On August 10, in response to the question about the government response to the North Korean missile threat in the National Security Committee of the House of Representative, the new Defense Minister Onodera answered “if the threat turns out to be a “crisis of the existence” event to initiate the response, the Government of Japan can respond the threat.”

    What this Q&A meant was a scenario under which North Korea intends to launch its middle range ballistic missile “Mars 12” aiming at a territory of the United States who is Japan’s ally, Japan can recognize the situation as “Crisis of the Existence” event, which enables Japan to exercise its collective defense right and triggers to intercept the missile using its own ballistic missile defense system. 

    If, however, North Korea declares its target area as 30 km to 40 km off Guam Island, it might be difficult for Japan to interpret the attempt as “Crisis of the Existence” event because it is hard to interpret it as an attack on its allied nation, a senior defense official said to Yomiuri.

     

    Japan’s Economic Growth Shifting To Internal Demand?

     

    According to the Cabinet Office’s quick report, the Japanese economy in the 2nd quarter (April to June) of 2017 grew by 1.0% in a real term (4.0% on an annual basis) from the same period last year.

    Individuals’ spending, which accounts for around 60% of Japan’s GDP, grew by 0.9% (3.6% annually).

    Capital investment grew by 2.4% reflecting the high profitability of the corporate sector and the need to introduce robots and automation systems to cope with the declining labor force.

    In the meantime, exports, which have been a driving force of Japan’s economic growth declined in the same quarter.

    As the result, the internal demand contributed to pushing up the GDP by 1.3% in the quarter, while the external demand contributed to declining it by 0.3%.

     

    Rapid Growth of Foreign Students Aiming At Care Worker’s Job In Japan

     

    Japan’s present immigration law has been amended to add a new visa for “care worker’s job”, and the law will be made effective next month.

    Foreigners, who acquired the national qualification to be a care worker, are entitled to this new visa, which allows a maximum five year stay in Japan and is renewable.

    Because of this amendment, the number of foreign students who entered vocational schools in Japan to acquire care worker’s knowledge and skill jumped to 591 this year, which is 30 times more than five years ago.

    More than 60% the foreign students came from Viet Nam, followed by China, Nepal, Philippine and Korea.

     

     Tourism MBA and Professional Schools To Be Newly Founded

     

    In order to strategically boost its tourism industry, the Government of Japan will authorize tourism MBA course as an officially qualified MBA degree in this month.

    Based on this authorization, Kyoto University and Hitotsubashi University will open the tourism MBA course in their graduate schools.

    The Ministry of Education, Culture、Sports、Science and Technology will also set a standard for newly open professional schools for tourism as early as April 2019.

    These governmental initiatives are part of the Abe Administration’s tourism based growth strategy and are intended to enlarge and strengthen the base of its human capital for the tourism industry including service providers, tourism entrepreneurs and management.

    PM Abe has set the goal for Japan to receive 40 million foreign visitors by the year 2020.

     

    Welcome U.S. Ambassador Hagerty   

     

    The new American Ambassador to Japan Mr. William Francis Hagerty IV arrived in Narita on August 17 and expressed his hope to the Japanese media that he would like to contribute to strengthening the bilateral relationship in the field of security and economy.

  • 07 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe Reshuffled Cabinet

     

    Responding to the ailing approval rate of his Cabinet caused by his own problems and the former Defense Minister’s very poor performance as well as some other ministers’, and to regain some positive momentum to build up his political capital to be invested to his next objective of the Constitutional Amendment, PM Abe reorganized his Cabinet on August 3.

    Finance Minister Aso, Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga, METI Minister Seko, Minister of Land, Transportation and Infrastructure Ishii and Reconstruction Minister Yoshino stayed, while 14 other members were newly appointed by Abe with the consideration of not only the individual experience and ability but also their political factions.

    Among others, the Kishida faction headed by former Foreign Minister Kishida gained the largest share (4 members) as well as Kishida’s appointment as the chairman of the LDP Policy Research Council.

    In order for PM Abe to seek for the political momentum for the Constitutional Amendment, the Kishida faction’s support for LDP’s uniformity is indispensable, the media analyzes.

    The former Foreign Minister Kishida is said to be one of the most likely candidates at the LDP to succeed Abe, while interestingly two newly appointed Cabinet members are not shy in announcing their willingness to participate in the LDP Presidential election next year.  One is Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Seiko Noda.  She was the former Chairman of LDP’s Executive Council.  The other is Mr. Taro Kono, the new Foreign Minister.

    Among the 19 Cabinet members, three graduated Harvard University (master’s degree) and one graduated Georgetown University (bachelor’s degree).

     

    Cabinet Reshuffle Boosted Approval Rating By 6%

     

    Yomiuri’s telephone survey conducted right after the announcement of the Cabinet reorganization revealed that Cabinet approval rating went up by 6% to 42% from the last time, which was conducted in early July.

    Its disapproval rating went down by 4% to 48%.

    The largest reason for disapproval of the Cabinet is the lack of trustworthiness of PM Abe due to the insufficient explanation at the Diet session of his personal involvement in the governmental approval of a new school as part of a private university, which is headed by PM Abe’s acquaintance.

    LDP’s approval rating went up by 5% to 36%, while the approval rating of Democratic Party - the largest opposition party stayed at 6%.

    Ms. Renho, President of Democratic Party announced last week her resignation as the party president.

    If there were visible candidates to replace PM Abe either internally at LDP or externally at the opposition parties, the survey might have shown different results.

     

    PM Abe Ordered Review Of NDPO

     

    Right after the announcement of the reshuffle of his Cabinet, PM Abe ordered the new Defense Minister Onodera to review the present National Defense Program Outline covering Japan’s defense policy through 2024 to respond the recent North Korean and other North East Asian security environmental changes, Nikkei reported.

    NDPO provides the base of the Mid-term Defense Plan that defines defense procurement plan.

    Although the Japanese Self Defense Forces are equipped with ballistic missile defense capabilities like the Aegis destroyers and the Patriot System, North Korea’s demonstration of ICBM launching may present some more threat than originally expected.

    As a case may be, the Aegis Ashore, an onshore version of the Aegis Combat System might need to be introduced, the media reported.

    Besides, China’s recent provocative activity in the area of the south west region of Japan’s territorial air space and water might require some more defense capability to be built in that region.

     

    Multi Nationals Upward Revisions of Fiscal 2017 Profit

     

    Just like American multi-national corporations, Japanese MNCs are enjoying the enlarging demand of the foreign market.

    According to Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Security’s survey, around 8% of the Japanese major MNCs, which end their fiscal 2017 in March next year and had announced their first quarter results (April-June), would revise their profit forecast upward.

    They are MNCs of auto, industrial robot, electric and communication infrastructure companies.

    They answered that they have been experiencing much stronger global market response than originally expected.

    There was a similar phenomenon four years ago, when many MNCs revised their profit forecast upward, but the main cause was unexpected depreciation of yen.

    This time, the main cause is the unexpected growth of the global market demand.

     

    More International Conventions To Be Invited

     

    Nikkei reported that Japan Tourism Agency, METI, the Japan National Tourism Organization and 12 major cities like Yokohama and Fukuoka, which have large convention centers will collaborate with each other to proactively work on organizers of international conventions, exhibitions and scientific societies as well as large corporations to invite their events to those cities’ convention centers.

    Their goal is to have 30% of Asian events in Japan by the year 2020 when the Tokyo Olympic Games are held.

     

    Japan To Qualify Chinese Hospitals For Medical Tourism

     

    Nikkei reported that Medical Excellence Japan(MEJ), a generally incorporated association led by the Japanese government, would deliberate and qualify hospitals in China.

    The number of Chinese people visiting Japan to cure their serious disease is growing year by year, but so is the number of troubles caused by some malicious brokers, which pretend to represent Chinese hospitals side to dispatch their patients.

    MEJ will check individual hospitals in China if they can disclose patients’ treatment historical record and if they can share with Japanese hospitals that treated their Chinese patients follow-up data continuously after their return to China.

    Once they are qualified by MEJ, they do not require any brokers to send their patients directly to Japan.

    The government of Japan recognizes medical tourism as part of tourism and positively promotes the flow of foreign visitors to Japan.    

  • 24 Jul 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    The Olympic Torch to Begin At Either Ishinomaki Or Okinawa In March 2020

     

    The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games are just three years away.

    Yomiuri reported on July 20 that the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games’ torch relay will be originated in March 2020 either in Ishinomaki, one of the hardest hit areas in 2011’s tsunami or in Okinawa.

    The Torch Relay Planning Committee consisting of the Olympic Organizing Committee, the Government of Japan and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has boiled down the relay routes to the two options.

    The relay will go through all the 47 prefectures including small islands.

    The plan assumes 120 days to be spent from the start up to the goal at the new National Athletic Stadium, while the IOC rule says it should be completed within 100 days, thus the committee has to discuss with the IOC on the gap.

    At the time of the previous Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964, Okinawa was governed by the United States.

     

    Foreign Visitors Highest Ever For The First Six Months

     

    According to Japan National Tourism Organization’s statistics of the first six months of this year, which was released on July 19, a total of 13.8 million foreigners visited Japan in the first half.

    It is 17.4% more than the same period last year and renewed the highest record in the five consecutive years in a row.

    The visitors spent around 2 trillion yen, which is an 8.6% increase from the same period last year.

    The following shows the top three nationalities of the visitors:

     

    1. Korean:       3.4 million (42.5% increase)
    2. Chinese:     3.3 million (6.7% increase)
    3. Taiwanese: 2.3 million (6.1% increase)

     

    This fast pace of the increase is reportedly attributable to the increase of the number of LCC flights connecting Asia and Japan as well as the recovery of the Chinese economy.

    The number of the American visitors to Japan increased by 14.0% in this period to 0.7 million.

    The Government of Japan is aiming to achieve the number of 40 million foreign visitors with their spending of 8 trillion yen in the year 2020.

     

    Ambassador Hagerty To Take The Office

     

    The media here widely reported last week that newly appointed Ambassador William Hagerty would come  to Japan next month to take the office

    He has been in Japan in 1980’s for around three years as an expat of a consulting company.

    He was the Director of Economic Development in Tennessee from 2011 through 2015.

    At the recent public hearing in May at the Congress, Ambassador Hagerty reportedly expressed his priority to reduce the U.S. trade deficit against Japan, while strengthening the security alliance with Japan to be prepared for the North Korean nuclear missile threat.

     

    ANA Invests In Space Debris Cleaning  

     

    ANA Holdings, which is the holding company of All Nippon Airways and its affiliated companies announced on the 14th of July that it invests $3 million to a venture company by the name of Astro Scale in Singapore.

    Astro Scale is going to provide space debris cleaning services by dispatching its satellite with sensors to detect space debris and identify their locations.

    It then launches another satellite with a magnet to retrieve the debris like broken satellites etc. and burns itself out together with debris through re-entry in the atmosphere.

    ANA Holdings are aiming at commercialization of space trips in 2023 and they see it vital to keep the orbits as clean as possible.

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