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  • 19 Feb 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     PM Abe Met North Korea’s No.2 Person At Pyeong Chang

     

    PM Abe met with Mr. Kim Yong-nam, the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea on the 9th during the dinner event that was organized by President Moon Jae-in of South Korea to celebrate the opening of the Pyeong Chang Olympic Games.

    Reportedly, PM Abe passed his message to him that the government of Japan demands the North Korean regime to solve the abduction issue that North Korean special forces abducted Japanese civilians tens of years ago and have not returned them back to Japan yet.

    Also demanded was giving up its nuclear missile development program. It is Abe’s first time to meet with a representative of Kim Jong-un’ regime. Kim Yong-nam is ranked No.2 after Kim Jong-un playing the role of head of state outside his country according to Yomiuri.

    He visited South Korea as the head of the North Korean high ranking officials group for the joint participation in the Winter Olympic Games.

     

     

    2.     PM Abe – President Moon Jae-in Meeting At Pyeong Chang

     

    PM Abe met with President Moon Jae-in on the 9th at a hotel in Pyeong Chang for an hour, Yomiuri reported.

    PM Abe demanded that the Moon Administration implement the Japan-Korea agreement on the Comfort Women Issue that was made in 2015.

    The agreement was made with the special recognition that neither country would ever revisit this issue so that the two nations would be able to constructively explore a futuristic bi-lateral relationship.

    However, last year, President Moon released a statement right after his inauguration that he would not think the 2015 agreement would ever solve this issue.

    With this as a background, PM Abe asked President Moon to reconfirm that the Moon’s administration honor the 2015 agreement to be fully implemented.

    President Moon told Abe that he would not request for a re-negotiation of this issue, while he explained that the two nations should further cooperate with each other to solve this issue.

    PM Abe also asked President Moon to reconfirm the Japan-U.S.-South Korean position against North Korea, namely maximum diplomatic and economic pressure to be placed on it without being affected by the North Korean sudden “Smile Diplomacy”.

    President Moon responded that the point that the South-North dialogue would lose the momentum of the international collaboration against North Korea is a needless fear.

     

    3.     PM Abe Keeps High Approval Rating

     

    In his 6th year of the Prime Minister position, PM Abe continues to receive a high approval rating, Yomiuri’s monthly survey revealed.

    According to the survey that was conducted on February 10 and 11, his cabinet approval rating was 54%, which is just the same as the previous month, while its disapproval rating was 36% (35% last time).

    Other key findings were as follows:

     

    With regard to possible Constitutional Amendments, how do you want Article 9 Section 2 that states Japan’s giving up military force to be amended?

    36% - Keep it by adding another statement to define the base for Japan to hold the Self Defense Force

    35% - Delete it and clarify the purpose and nature of the Self Defense Force

    20% - No need to articulate the existence of the Self Defense Force

     

    Do you think the thaw of the South-North Korean relationship contribute to solving the issue of the North Korean nuclear and missile issue?

    12% - Yes

    83% - No

     

    Do you approve the Abe Cabinet plan to move the US Marin Corp’s Futenma Air Station to Henoko?

    44% - Yes

    43% - No

     

    Who should be the next prime minister?

    32% - PM Abe

    25% - Rep Shinjiro Koizumi (Chief Vice Secretary General of LDP)

    21% - Rep Shigeru Ishiba (Former Secretary General of LDP)

     

    Which party do you approve most?

    42% - LDP (36% last time)

    9% - Constitutional Democratic Party (8%)

    36% - Independent (40%)

     

    4.       Pilot Shortage Issue

     

    Yomiuri reported that Japan’s supply of pilots is not keeping up with the pace of the growth of the flights both domestic and international.

    Reportedly, Air Do, a Hokkaido based LCC stopped 26 flights between Chitose (Hokkaido) and Haneda this month due to unavailability of pilots.

    This issue will become serious in 2030 when so many pilots are scheduled to retire.

    The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transportation, who takes care of air transportation policies, is warning the Japanese airlines and interest groups that unless the supply of new pilots increases by 40% by 2030, the demand can never be met.

    A six (6) percent of around 6,400 pilots working in Japan are non-Japanese.

    International market to hire non-Japanese pilots is becoming tighter and tighter due to Chinese LCCs’ strong demand, the article said.

     

    5.       Copy Right Protection Period To Be Extended To 70 Years

     

    The original TPP agreement reached in February 2016 included a U.S. led condition to extend the copyright protection period to 70 years after the authors or writers die in case of novels or music, and after the publication in case of records or CDs etc.

    Those protection periods are both 50 years currently in Japan.

    Since the United States decided to leave the agreement and since the new TPP without the U.S. set aside this condition, the Japanese copyright protection period remains unchanged for now.

    However, the Japan-EU EPA was agreed the end of last year incorporating the 70 years copyright protection period, so the government of Japan will present a bill to revise the Copy Right law accordingly to the Diet on March 8, Yomiuri reported.

     

    6. Agricultural Products Exports Increased By 7.6%

     

    The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery announced on the 9th that Japan’s agricultural, forestry and fishery products exports were 807.3 billion yen ($7.3 B) in 2017, which is a 7.6% increase from the year before.

    It is the 5th consecutive year to break the record of the exports amount.

    The largest contributor is sake and other alcohol beverage, followed by scallops, and pearls.

    Hong Kong imported most of the Japanese agricultural, forestry and fishery products (187.7 billion yen), followed by the United States (111.5 billion yen) , China(100.8 billion yen) and Taiwan (83.8 billion yen).

     

    7. Trade Surplus Shrunk, Current Account Surplus Increased

     

    According to the Statistics of the 2017 Balance of International Payments announced by the Ministry of Finance on the 8th, Japan’s trade surplus diminished by 10.8% to 4,930.8 billion yen ($44.8 B) from 2016, while its current account surplus expanded to 21,874.2 billion yen ($198.9 B), which is 7.5% more than a year before.

    The current account surplus increase is attributable to the increase of the return (dividend) on FDI (9.1% increase to 19,740 billion yen)  and the largest ever surplus of the travel balance (1,763 billion yen).

     

    8. Very Slow But Steady Economic Growth

     

    The Cabinet Office announced on the 14th that the 4th quarter of 2017 marked a 0.1% GDP growth in real term, which is the 8th consecutive quarter that recognized positive economic growth.

    This long continuous growth is for the first time since the bubble economic period, namely from the 2nd quarter of 1986 through the 1st quarter of 1989.

    However, the growth magnitude was much larger in the bubble economy period.

     

    9.  Admission Limit of Original Bill Of Integrated Resort Revealed

     

    The Abe Administration presented to the ruling parties (LDP and Komei) its original bill of Integrated Resort to be presented to the Diet this year, Yomiuri reported.

    The law legalizes casino as part of integrated resort facilities in Japan, which are expected to boost local economies after 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games is over.

    Casino has been illegal in Japan and it is still controversial to legalize it.

    The administration, therefore, came up with the following unique admission limit ideas for the review of the ruling parties.

     

    The maximum number for Japanese and non-Japanese resident in Japan allowed to enter casino is three times per 7 consecutive days.

    The area to place game machines or equipment related to casino is limited to 15,000 square meters or up to 3% of the entire IR area, whichever comes smaller.

     

    Once the groundwork with the ruling parties is completed, the IR law will be deliberated at the Diet this year.

  • 19 Jan 2018 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe Keeps High Approval Rating

     

    Yomiuri conducted the monthly survey from the 12th through 14th this month.

    Some of the key findings are listed below:

                                                                          Yes                                                 No

    Do you approve Abe Cabinet?                54% (53% in December 2017)   35% (36%)

    Do you feel economic recovery               27%                                                73%

    Do you approve Japanese Gov’t            83%                                                11%

     

    Position against Korean Gov’t demand to revisit the 2015 agreement on the Comfort Women’s issue? 88% of the respondents demand the administration to work on economy and employment issues, while only 27% expect it to implement Constitutional Amendment.

    As for the possible amendment of Article 9 Section 2 that denies Japan’s holding military force, 32% of the respondents prefer keeping the section as is and adding a prescription of the base of the existence of the Self Defense Force. 

    34% replied that the section should be removed while inserting the statement to clarify the purpose and nature of the Self Defense Force instead.

    And 22% said there is no need to clarify the base of the SDF in the Constitution.

     

    Outline of Policies for the Aging Society Revealed

     

    The Abe Administration presented the draft of its Outline of Policies for the Aging Society to the ruling LDP on January 17, Yomiuri reported.

    The outline states the following objectives to be achieved by 2020:

     

                                                                          Present                                         2020

    Employment rate of 60-64 years old       63.6% (2016)                                67.0%

    Healthy life expectancy             Male 71.19 years old (2013)       add one or more years by 2020

                                                            Female 74.21                                and add two or more years by 2025

    Seniors’ social activity rate        Male 62.4% (2016)                      80%

                                                            Female 55.0

    Number of welfare taxi               15,128 cars (2016)                      28,000 cars

    Care robots market                      2.47 billion yen (2015)                50 billion yen

     

    The outline also suggests an option for senior people to delay receiving pension payment after 70 years old (increased payment) instead of 65 years old.

    Furthermore, it suggests financial support to senior entrepreneurs for start-ups.

     

    Chinese Warship and Nuclear Attack Submarine Passed Senkaku Archipelagos’ Contiguous Zone

     

    The government of Japan publicly announced on the 11th that a Chinese warship and an unknown submarine passed Senkaku Archipelagos’ contiguous zone on the same day, and it protested against the Chinese Government.

    Later, the unknown submarine was identified by the Maritime Self Defense Force as a Chinese Shang-class Nuclear Attack Submarine.

    According to the media, this type of submarines are equipped with cruise missiles.

    Despite its silent screw sounds, MSDF’s ASW patrol plane was able to chase the submarine continuously and to collect various data of the vessel, the media reported.

    The government of Japan suspects that the Chinese navy is collecting ocean and sea bottom data of channels from the mainland China to the Pacific Ocean.

     

    Foreign Visitors Increased By 19.3%

     

    Japan Tourism Agency announced on the 16th that 28.7 million foreigners visited Japan in 2017, which is 19.3% more than a year before.

    The visitors spent 4.4 trillion yen during their visits in Japan, which is 17.8% more than 2016.

    The largest spenders in 2017 were Chinese visitors with 38.4% of the total, followed by Taiwanese (13%), Korean (11.6%), Hong Kong (7.7%) and the United States (5.7%).

     

    Recruit Tie Up With Airbnb

     

    In preparation for Vacation Rental Business Law to be put in force in June this year, Recruit is entering this new market by collaborating with Airbnb, the world’s largest player in the vacation rental business, the media reported.

    SUMO, a Recruit’s wholly owned subsidiary company, is Japan’s largest real estate information company having more than 6.2 million houses for lease and those properties can be used for vacation rental service users from the world.

    Likewise, Rakuten, Japan’s largest online shopping website established Rakuten Lifull Stay to enter this market and to receive foreign visitors.

    It tied up with Booking.com.

  • 22 Dec 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.     Japan – UK 2+2 Meeting

     

    Japan and the United Kingdom held a 2 plus 2 meeting in London on December 14 and announced the following joint statement:

     

    • The two governments will apply maximum possible pressure to North Korea to make it give up its nuclear and missile development.
    • The two governments will collaborate with each other to keep the Indo-Pacific region free and open.  The two continue to share a serious concern about the present situation in the East and South China Seas.
    • The Japanese Ground Self Defense Force and the UK Royal Army will conduct a joint exercise in Japan next year. It should be institutionalized as a periodic joint exercise.
    • A new air-to-air missile will be jointly prototyped as quickly as possible. (The Japanese Air Self Defense Force is assuming to install the missile on its F-35 fighters.)

     

    Foreign Minister Kohno and Defense Minister Onodera visited London and met with their individual counterparts, namely Foreign Minister Johnson and Defense Minister Williamson.

     

    2.     Tax Revenue Increase Reduces New Bond Issuance

     

    Japan’s fiscal 2018 (April 1, 2018 – March 31, 2019) budget is going to assume tax revenue as high as 59.1 trillion yen, which is highest ever since 1991 when the bubble economy peaked the tax revenue.

    Although fiscal 2018’s spending is also increased, the rate of revenue increase is higher than the spending, so the amount of new national bond to be issued to finance the balance between the spending and revenue is going to be reduced from the previous year. 

    It is going to be the 8th consecutive year of reduction of the new national bond issuance amount in a row.

     

    3.     Japan-EU EPA Agricultural Products Protection

     

    In the wake of the agreement of the EPA between Japan and EU, the two governments announced the individual agricultural products with geographical identity(GI), intellectual property of which should be mutually respected and protected as follows:

     

    Japanese agricultural products with GI to be protected:

    • Kobe beef
    • Matsuzaka beef
    • Yonezawa beef
    • Yuubari melon
    • Ichida persimmon
    • Shimonoseki blow fish and 42 others

     

    EU agricultural products with GI to be protected:

    • Camembert de Normandie
    • Roquefort
    • Feta
    • Parmigiano Reggiano
    • Gorgonzola
    • Gouda Holland
    • Mortadella Bologna
    • Cítricos Valencianos and 63 others 

     

    4.       Oi NPP To Be Decommissioned

     

    Yomiuri reported on the 21st that Kansai Electric Power Company decided to decommission it's Oi Nuclear Power Plant #1 and #2 (1.175 MW each) in Fukui Prefecture.

    As the result of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP’s accident of 2011, the safety standard was strengthened.

    These two power plants are 38 years old and they would require a significant amount of investment to clear the new standard if not decommissioned.

    Besides the demand of electric power in the Kansai region is declining.

    Including these two plants, a total of 8 NPPs are decommissioning since the accident of 2011.

     

    5.       Individual Financial Asset Highest Ever

     

    According to the Bank of Japan’s quarterly report of Funds Circulation Statistics, the outstanding balance of Japanese individuals’ financial asset as of the end of September amounts to 1,845 trillion yen, which is 4.7% more in comparison with the same period last year and is highest ever.

    Still, cash/bank deposit accounts for a lion’s share (51.1%) out of the total asset, while stocks and investment trust account for 10.7% and 5.6% respectively.

     

    6. TPP To Be Signed In February 2018

     

    Yomiuri reported that the Government of Japan is coordinating with the other 10 member nations to organize a signing ceremony for the Trans Pacific Partnership sometime between the end of February and early March 2018 in Chile.

    After the signature, the partnership agreement becomes effective 60 days after a minimum of six nations ratify the deal.

     

    This issue is the last one for the year.

    Thank you so much for your subscription this year. 

    I wish you a happy holiday season and a healthy and prosperous 2018!

  • 11 Dec 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Emperor’s Abdication and New Emperor’s Enthronement Formalized

     

    Imperial Household Council was convened on December 1 with PM Abe as chairman. 

    The council members consisted of His Imperial Highness Prince and Princess Hitachi, Chairman and Vice Chairman of the House of Representatives and of the House of Councilors, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and a few others.

    The council unanimously agreed that Emperor Akihito is to abdicate on April 30, 2019 and Prince Hironomiya is to be enthroned on May 1, 2019.

    It is going to be almost 200 years since a living Emperor abducted and was succeeded by a new Emperor at the last time (1817).

    The Government of Japan is considering to make April 30, May 1 and 2 national holidays so that the Golden Week of 2019 becomes ten straight holidays from April 27 through May 6.

    The name of the new era after Heisei (平成) will be decided and announced within the next year.

    PM Abe will ask pundits and scholars of Japanese literature and Chinese literature to come up with a long list of candidates that meet the following criteria:

     

    • Having suitable meanings as Japanese people’s ideal
    • Consisting of two Chinese characters
    • Easy to write
    • Easy to read
    • Not used as worldly-minded

     

    It will be narrowed down to a short list through legal and other important perspectives.

    And finally, the Cabinet members will discuss to choose one.

    Before his abdication, Japanese people will celebrate the 30th anniversary of Emperor Akihito’s reign on January 7, 2019.  

     

    Tariff Agreement To Precede For Japan-EU EPA

     

    The frame of the Japan-EU EPA was agreed by both sides in July this year.

    Now the representatives of the Japanese and EU governments for the EPA negotiation agreed to separate the investment field of the EPA from the deal and to reach an agreement first on the other fields of it, namely tariff elimination and simplification of government procurement and customs clearance procedures etc., Yomiuri reported on Dec 2.

    The tariffs of around 94% of the EU items that have been exported to Japan will be eliminated and the tariffs of around 99% of the Japanese items that have been exported to EU will be eliminated.

    The largest beneficiary in the EU will be the producers of cheese and wine, while the Japanese auto industry will benefit from this deal a lot.

    EU can ratify this agreement on behalf of the 28 member nations including the UK as far as their tariffs are concerned, while the 28 individual member nations need to ratify investment deals through their individual parliaments.

    The Government of Japan and EU gave priority to the speed of launching the tariff deal as early as in the first half of 2019 after the mutual ratification next year.


    And just a few minutes ago, TV news reported that PM Abe announced to the media that the two sides agreed on the tariffs today.

     

      Corporate Tax Rate Reduction As Incentive To Invest For Salary And Productivity Increases

     

    The Abe Administration and the ruling LDP have solidified a new policy to lower the corporate tax rate as an incentive for Japanese companies to invest their abundant cash for their employees’ salary and productivity increases instead of increasing their retained earnings, Yomiuri reported on Dec. 8.

    Currently, the effective corporate tax rate is 29.97% and it is to be reduced to 29.74% next year.

    The incentive plan is to reduce the rate to as low as 20% for those companies which meet the following conditions:

     

    1st Step:  the corporate tax rate will be reduced to 25% for those who meet the following conditions:

    • Wage/salary increase by 3%, and
    • Increase of capital investment by a certain target percentage

     

    2nd Step: the corporate tax rate will be further reduced to 20% for those who invest in advanced technology such as AI or sophisticated software.

     

    Enhancement of Japan’s BMD Capability To Be Accelerated

     

    Yomiuri reported on Dec 8 that the Government of Japan decided to initiate the program to study how to introduce the U.S. Aegis Ashore, a land based Aegis BMD system in this fiscal year (2017) by inserting the fund in this fiscal year’s supplemental budget.

    Originally, this program was to be launched in JFY2018, but the mounting North Korean threat is demanding an acceleration for Japan to strengthen the current BMD capability.

    According to Yomiuri, it is assumed that two Aegis Ashore systems are sufficient to defend entire Japan against the North Korean ballistic missiles by deploying one in Akita Prefecture and the other in Yamaguchi Prefecture.

  • 27 Nov 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.    Emperor To Abdicate On April 30, 2019

     

    Yomiuri reported that the Abe Administration got into the final detail to implement the following schedule of the Emperor’s abdication, the new Emperor’s enthronement, and era change:

     

    December 1      Imperial Household Council meeting to discuss about the abdication timing

    December 8      The Cabinet finalizes the date of Emperor’s abdication as a Cabinet order.

    Within 2018      The Cabinet decides on the name of the new era after Heisei and publicly announces it.

    April 30, 2019   Emperor’s abdication (anticipated)

    May 1, 2019      New Emperor’s enthronement and a new era begins.

     

    Emperor’s abdication is not presumed in the present Constitution, but the present Emperor announced his desire to step down in August last year considering the difficulty to fulfill the duty due to his age.

    It urged the Government to structure a legal process to enable living Emperor’s abdication.

    Such a legal process is almost over through the Diet session except for the positioning of the ritual of abdication as a Constitutional function of the Emperor or not. 

     

    2.    How To Keep The Sufficient Base of The House Of The Imperial Prince

     

    Under the current Imperial Household Law, once a princess marries to a man, who is not a member of the House of Imperial Prince, she is no longer a member of the House.

    For example, Princess Mako, the first daughter of Prince Akishinomiya earlier announced that she is marrying to a private citizen and she announced this week that the wedding is conducted in November next year. 

    After the wedding, she is no longer a princess but a private citizen.

    This is because emperors have been succeeded on the male line basis without exception since its inception.

    However, this rule is now functioning to reduce the total number of the members of the House and the current members’ workload to not only fulfill Constitutional functions but also participate in national events as the honorable guest are growing much.

    The Government of Japan, therefore, is going to organize nationwide discussions on how to keep the sufficient base of the House of the Imperial Prince right after the Emperor’s abdication is made.

    One possibility is to allow the House of the Imperial Princess.  However, whether allowing a female line emperor or not is a difficult and delicate issue considering the 2660 years of seamless imperial history (including myth).

     

    3.    Fast Breeder Reactor Monju’s Decommissioning Begins

     

    The Abe Administration decided to decommission the Fast Breeder Reactor Monju December last year in response to Nuclear Regulation Authority’s recommendation to look for a new operational organization to manage to operate this accidents-laden R&D reactor.

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency under the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology announced this week that it would apply to Nuclear Regulation Authority for its decommissioning by the end of this month.

    Once approved, it will begin retrieving the nuclear fuel in the next fiscal year.

    The fuel retrieving work continues through 2022, followed by 20 years of work to remove equipment and piping systems of the reactor plus 5 years of dismantling and removal of the building.

     

    4.Keidanren’s Visit To China

     

    Mr. Sadayuki Sakakibara, Chairman of Keidanren, Federation of Economic Organizations took the delegation of the Japan-China Economic Association to China this week and met with Prime Minister Li Keqiang.

    Mr. Sakakibara said in a press conference that he felt a different China being more positive and friendly for collaboration.

    Considering the downtrend of Japan’s investment to China since its peak in 2012, PM Li expressed his hope that the Japanese business come back to China and contribute to Chinese economy by fresh investment.

    The chairman told the media that the attitude of the top leaders of China changed to be a lot more positive, receptive and welcoming than before when the Senkaku Archipelago issue had frozen the relationship in 2012.

    The media suspected that the change is coming from the Chinese President Xi Jinping’s “One Belt One Road” policy that is trying to connect China to Europe through the Eurasia Continent both on the ground and through the ocean, and requires a lot of investment for infrastructure etc.

  • 13 Nov 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    President Trump’s Visit

     

    President Trump visited Japan from November 5 through 7 with three summit meetings with PM Abe and a courtesy visit to Emperor and Empress as well as a meeting with the members of the families, whose children or brothers/sisters were abducted by North Korea. President Trump played golf with PM Abe and a top Japanese golf player Mr. Matsuyama at the Kasumigaseki Country Club.

    The two leaders signed a MoU to cover collaboration in exporting mutual infrastructure products in the field of energy, ICT and transportation to the Indo-Pacific region.

    In case of energy, Yomiuri reported that the Japanese Government and the U.S. Government agreed to promote exports of American shale gas and Japanese thermal power plant and associated facilities as a package deal to emerging economies in Asia and Africa.

    Although the Trump administration is exploring exports of shale gas produced in the United States to the world, most of the energy-hungry emerging nations in Asia and Africa are lacking LNG related facilities, pipelines and high-efficiency thermal plants that burn natural gas.

    To this end, the government of Japan, with the support of the U.S. Government, will facilitate Japanese industries to invest in building LNG related facilities, gas pipelines and high-efficiency thermal plants in the region so that such nations will be able to import American shale gas for power generation.

    Japan’s JBIC and NEXI signed a MoU with the U.S. OPIC on Nov 7.

    This collaboration makes sense to Japan and U.S. not only for mutual business but more importantly for geopolitics because China is leading infrastructure exports in the Eurasia continent under the campaign of “One Belt One Road”.

     

    Dialogue Oriented Approach To North Korea Hoped Most

     

    Yomiuri conducted a public survey on November 1 and 2 in conjunction with the new Cabinet that PM Abe formed on the 1st of November.

    The approval rating of PM Abe remained unchanged at 52% from the last time (October 23 and 24), while its disapproval rating went up to 40% from 37%.

    In response to the question which options the international society should choose against the North Korean issue, either a dialogue-oriented approach or a pressure-oriented approach, 48% of the respondents chose the former and 41% for the latter.

    Other key Q&As are as follows:

     

    What are the top issues the Cabinet should work on now?

    Diplomatic and national security issues including the North Korean issue: 62%

    Economy and employment: 62%

     

    Do you approve PM Abe’s decision to reappoint all the Cabinet members this time?

    Yes: 45%

    No:  39%

     

    Do you approve that PM Abe stays in the position after September next year when the 2nd term of the presidency of the LDP expires?

    Yes: 43%

    No:  46%

     

    Countermeasure of Declining Population to be Launched

     

    PM Abe made it clear in the press conference of November 1 that his Cabinet would work on the issue of declining population and aging society from its social insurance perspectives.

    He implied a plan worth 2 trillion yen including free preschool education for all the 3 to 5 years old children (kindergartens and nursery schools) and for 0 to 2 years old of low-income families.

    Also, the plan is expected to include some investment to clear the issue of children on the waiting list (kindergartens and nursery schools) and free higher education for children of low-income families.

    Furthermore, the plan is to cover improving care workers’ pays, promoting recurrent education and higher education reform.

    All the necessary funding to implement this plan is to come from the scheduled increase of the consumption tax from 8% to 10% in October 2019.

    PM Abe told that the detail of the plan would be announced early next month.

     

    TPP 11 Reached Agreement In Principle

     

    NHK reported today that the TPP 11 nations (Japan, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Chili, and Peru) reached agreement in principle during the ministerial meeting held in Da-nang, Vietnam.

    Mr. Mogi, Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization chaired the ministerial meeting and told the story to NHK in the evening of November 10 right after the meeting ended.

    Japanese consumers will find Australian beef cheaper once the deal is implemented thanks to the scheduled reduction of the tariff from the present 38.5% to 27.5% and eventually to 9%.

    Likewise, New Zealand’s cheese will be cheaper thanks to the scheduled reduction of the tariff from the present 29.8% through various reduction steps to 0%.

  • 30 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe’s Triumph

     

    The snap election was held on Sunday the 22nd and the ruling parties, namely LDP and Komei dominated the seats of the House of Representatives as follows:

     

                             Before the election            after the election

     

    LDP                       290                                   284 (-6)

    Komei                     34                                      29 (-5)

    Hope                       57                                      50 (-7)

    CDPJ                        15                                      55 (+40)

    Communist            21                                      12

    Restoration             14                                      11

     

    CDP: Constitutional Democratic Party

     

    The total number of the members of the House of Representatives is reduced by 10 to 465 in this election as the result of the judiciary adjustment of the number of the members per constituency.

    The ruling parties namely LDP and Komei were able to share more than the two-third line (310) once again, which enables them to propose a Constitutional Amendment in the Diet.

    Now, CDJ became the leading opposition party but it is the weakest leading opposition party in terms of the number of the Lower House member ever since the end of the war.

                 

    Post Election Approval Ratings

     

    On October 24 and 25, right after the snap election, Yomiuri conducted a public survey. 

    The following are main results (data in the parentheses are the results of the previous survey conducted on October 7 and 8):

     

    Do you approve the Abe Cabinet?                       Yes 52% (41%)               No 37% (46%)

    Was it good or bad that the ruling parties’ share is beyond the two-thirds of the total of the Lower House members?         Good 48%                       Bad 36%

    Which party do you approve most:       

    LDP 43%(33%),

    CDP 14% (4%),

    Hope 5% (8%),

    Komei 4% (3%),

    Communist 3%(3%),

    Restoration 2%(1%)

     

    Governor Koike Remains to be Party President

     

    According to Yomiuri, Governor Koike, who was interviewed by the former U.S. Ambassador to Japan Ms. Caroline Kennedy in Paris during her business trip, told that there was an “Iron Ceiling” in the national election of October 22.

    When she won the Tokyo Metropolitan Governor’s election, Gov. Koike said to the media that she broke through the glass ceiling, but this time, her party (Party of Hope) was completely defeated in the election of the House of Representative.

    On October 25, she came back from Paris and attended her party’s management meeting.

    She reportedly apologized to the members for the loss of the election saying that it is attributable to her careless statement that she would have tried to exclude the liberal side of the members of the Democratic Party.

    This statement may have led to the great advancement of Constitutional Democratic Party and 19 independent members, who originally belonged to the Democratic Party.

    Asked by the media if she would resign the Party President position, Gov. Koike replied that she would remain in the position because she needs to assume the responsibility of the founder of the Party.

    She said she would concentrate on the governor’s job, while the party’s national political activity should be led by the Party’s Diet members.

     

    President Trump’s First Visit to Japan

     

    President Trump and the First Lady will make their first official visit to Japan as Distinguished Official Guests Visiting on Business from November 5 through 7.

    The Emperor and Empress will receive the courtesy visit by the first couple and PM Abe will hold the fifth official face-to-face meeting with President Trump during his stay in Japan.

    PM Abe and President Trump will meet with some of the families whose children or brothers/sisters were abducted by North Korea and have not been returned to Japan yet.

    Also, the two leaders are going to play golf together with Japan’s top professional golfer Hideki Matsuyama.

    Around ten thousand police officers were called to downtown Tokyo to conduct a security check on the streets, stations and other public places.

     

     

    Have a wonderful weekend!

  • 16 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

     LDP To Remain In Power

     

    Yomiuri reported its monthly (October) survey result as follows (the figures in the parentheses are the September survey result):

                            

    Do you approve PM Abe & Cabinet       Yes: 41% (43%)   No: 46% (46%)

    Your favorite political party:

    LDP 33% (32%)

    Party of Hope 8% (9%)

    the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan(Note 1) 4%

    Independents 38% (40%)

     

    (Note 1)

    The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ) was founded by Rep. Edano, who once assumed the Vice President of the Democratic Party after he lost the party presidency against Rep. Maehara in September this year.

    He left the party and founded CDPJ by grouping the liberal side of the Democratic Party members when President Maehara decided to bring all his party members under the endorsement of the newly founded Party of Hope.

     

    The survey expanded the questions to cover the respondents’ attitude on the upcoming general election of October 22.

    The result was as follows:

    Which party are you going to vote in the coming election for the Proportional Representation System(Note 2)?

    LDP 32% (34%)

    Hope 13% (19%)

    CDPJ 7%,

    Komei 5% (6%)

    Communist 4% (5%)

    Undecided 27% (25%)

     

    (Note 2)

    Voters cast two votes, one for a specific candidate in the voters’ individual districts (Single Seat Constituency System) and the other for a party (Proportional Representation System).

     

    What is your most comfortable administration structure?

    The present LDP+Komei coalition                                                           44%

    LDP + part of opposition parties on a policy cooperation basis         54%

    LDP alone                                                                                                     16%

    Coalition of the present opposition parties                                             20%

     

     Party of Hope Stalling/LDP Securing the Majority Yomiuri Forecast

     

    Yomiuri revealed its election forecast as of October 11 based on the aforementioned survey result coupled with its individual local branches’ interviews as follows:

     

    LDP: Surpassing the majority seats (233) and almost reaching the overwhelming majority (261) that chair all the standing committees.

    Hope: Despite the number of the candidates (198), they are mostly behind in most of the Single Seat Constituency Districts except for 7 districts, and the number of seats the party is expected to gain from the Proportional Representation System is less than 40 at this moment.

    CDPJ: Almost surpassing the line of 40 seats

     

    Yomiuri analyzed that anti-Abe/LDP voters tend to choose CDPJ as their nest instead of the Party of Hope. 

    The magnet of the Party of Hope is surely Governor Koike, but she decided not to run for this national election but to stay as Governor of Tokyo, meaning the party leader cannot become PM or form her Cabinet.

    Besides, the clear difference of campaign promises between LDP and Hope are mostly just two points as opposed to many for CDPJ.  Making the scheduled increase of the Consumption Tax from 8% to 10% to be a source of freeing the educational cost of small children (LDP promise) vs. cancelling the scheduled increase and staying at the current 8%(Hope), and keeping the nuclear power generation (LDP) vs. shutting down all the nuclear power plants by 2030.  

     

    Nikkei Marked Highest Since 1996

     

    Nikkei marked 20,881 yen on October 11, which is the highest ever since 1996.

    Export-oriented industries’ stock prices are on an upward trend thanks to the U.S. and steadily growing global economy coupled with relatively weak yen.

    But, in reality, it seems that the Government of Japan is now playing a major role of the investor in the stock exchange because the Bank of Japan has been heavily investing in Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) , while Incorporated Administrative Agency to manage public pension fund has been purchasing the substantial amount of listed stocks.

    The two organizations tripled the outstanding balance of the stock acquisition from 15 trillion yen (2012) to 51 trillion yen (2017).

     

    Tokyo Ranked #3 – Global City Power Index

     

    Mori Building Company’s research institute by the name of Institute of Urban Strategies of Mori Memorial Foundation released on October 12 this year’s Global City Power Index.

    The highest in the ranking was London, followed by New York, and Tokyo was ranked the 3rd.

    The institute evaluates 70 indices such as unemployment rate, longevity, river water quality, taxi fare, temperature and so forth to score six power factors, namely Economy, R&D, Cultural Interaction, Livability, environment, and Accessibility.

    44 major cities were selected for this ranking since 2008.

     

    For more detail, please visit the following link:

    http://mori-m-foundation.or.jp/english/ius2/gpci2/index.shtml

  • 02 Oct 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Governor Koike Formed Party of Hope

     

    Governor Yuriko Koike of Tokyo Metropolitan Government formed a new national political party by the name of Party of Hope on September 25.

    The party was formed in time for the upcoming national election of the members of the House of Representatives due on October 22.

    Since it is a brand new party, it does not have a long list of its candidates or large cash reserve to financially support its candidates either.

    Rep. Maehara, the newly elected president of Democratic Party decided to allow its members to receive the endorsement of Party of Hope, and once the endorsement is given, Democratic Party will provide Party of Hope with financial support.

    In the first press interview held to introduce her new party on Sept 27, Governor Koike described the mission of the party to run politics without the interference of any interest groups and conduct bold reforms so that Japan can be reset.

    She also explained that her party’s value is conservatism with generous reform spirit burning.

    As for campaign promises, she mentioned freezing the scheduled increase in the consumption tax from the current 8% to 10% in 2019 and shutting down all the nuclear power plants by 2030.

    She is trying to make her party a very viable alternative to the LDP.

     

    Ms. Koike graduated Cairo University in Egypt, became an Arabic language translator, then a TV newscaster and eventually a politician in 1992 as the member of the House of Councilors.

    She won that election as a member of Japan New Party that was formed by then Kumamoto Governor Morihiro Hosokawa in 1992.

    Then, she stood as a candidate for the House of Representatives in Hyogo Prefecture’s 2nd District and won the election as well.

    After the dissolution of Japan New Party in 1994, she joined the newly born conservative parties one by one, which formed a coalition with then ruling LDP.

    In 2002, she joined the LDP and since then, she assumed several key positions of the parties as well as the cabinet member positions (Minister of Environment under PM Koizumi and Defense Minister under PM Abe’s very first Cabinet).

    Governor Koike stood as a candidate for the president of the LDP in 2008 when then PM Fukuda stepped down the prime minister office.

    Then, in 2016 when the former Tokyo Governor Yoichi Masuzoe resigned the governor’s position due to his mixing up official business with personal affairs, she stood as a candidate not under the LDP sponsorship but on its own to criticize the former governor and its party, LDP.   She won the election overwhelmingly against not only LDP’s candidate but also the candidates of the Democratic Party and Communist Party.

    Right after the win, she formed a regional political party called Tokyo Residents First Party and gathered candidates of the members of the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly and coached them to win the Assembly election for 2017.

    And in this past July, the Tokyo Assembly Members’ election was held and Governor Koike’s party gained 55 seats out of 127, formed a coalition with New Komei Party (23 members) to be the ruling parties, and ousted the LDP to a minority party.

    These past 14 months of her political challenges made Ms. Koike so visible and popular nationally although she represents just one prefecture out of 47.

    With this nationally popular figure as a source of political capital, some alliance or even unification of the opposition parties by forming a new political party with the crown of Ms. Koike had been contemplated by the opposition parties’ leaders.

    This movement turned out to be this rush of forming Party of Hope this week due probably to the move of PM Abe’s dissolution of the House of Representatives.


    PM Abe Dissolved Lower House

     

    PM Abe on Sept 28 dissolved the House of Representatives and the Cabinet decided that the national election will be held on October 22.

    The incumbent 475 members were elected in December 2014, and their full term could have lasted up to December 2018 if there were no dissolution.

    Out of the 475, LDP had 287 and New Komei had 35 making the ruling coalition parties cover more than two-thirds of the entire seats.

    Although PM Abe explained the reason for the dissolution that he wants Japanese people to judge his new agenda to use the revenue from the scheduled increase of the consumption tax for education instead of repaying the government debt and to strengthen diplomatic and defense policy against North Korea as well as to amend the Constitution, he might have tried to strategically nip the bud before Governor Koike’s political capital taking shape on the national stage.

    Now, PM Abe is reportedly setting the bar of his definition of “win” down to the “majority” instead of the “two-thirds”, which are needed to set the Constitutional Amendment procedure in motion in the Diet.

    Whether this represents his miscalculation of the election timing or not is yet to be seen.

     

     PM Abe/LDP Approval Ratings Downing

     

    Yomiuri revealed the result of its monthly survey of the Cabinet and the political parties’ approval ratings etc.

    Although PM Abe’s approval rating went up to 50% in August, it went down to 43% this month.

    LDP’s approval rating also went down to 32% from 40%, while the newly formed Party of Hope gained 9%.

    It found 40% “independent” voters.

    As time goes by, Party of Hope’s campaign promises becomes clear and an alliance of the opposition parties take shape, which may gain much more support from the independent.

  • 19 Sep 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

     PM Abe Regaining Political Capital

     

    NHK reported in the evening news on September 11 that the Abe Cabinet’s approval rating went up by 5% to 44% from the last survey 3 months ago, while its disapproval rating downed by 7% to 36%.

    PM Abe’s determined attitude against North Korea, as well as new Defense Minister Onodera and new Foreign Minister Kono's high visibility in the individual fronts, have been forming an image of a reliable and skillful cabinet under the difficult geopolitical circumstances.

    Democratic Party, the largest opposition party has elected its new president Maehara. 

    However, even the fresh start has not seemingly been able to successfully change the party’s image to a realistic alternative to replace the LDP. 

    It may be due to some lingering internal conflicts and small personal scandals.

    Also, Yomiuri reported on the 12th that its monthly survey, which was conducted from Sept 8 through 10 revealed that the Cabinet approval rating jumped to 50% from 42% of last month, while its disapproval rating dropped to 39% from 48%.

     

    Following are the political parties’ approval ratings:

    LDP                  40% (36% last time)

    Democratic       5% (6%)

     

    Japan To Approach ASEAN Closer For RCEP Vis-a-vis China

     

    Yomiuri reported that the government of Japan has solidified its policy to support the ASEAN member nations to make all the necessary laws and rules in place to prevail electric commerce, to smoothen the trade and to protect IP through cross-border deals. 

    Japan’s intent is to conclude the RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: ASEAN (10) + 6 (Japan, China, Korea, India, Australia, New Zealand)) as soon as possible by exhibiting its initiative and leadership to ASEAN.

    China has been influencing the ASEAN nations under its “Belt and Road” policy, a new Silk Road vision to integrate the Eurasia Continent and its seas with the China-centric economic zone.

    Although the China-centric economic zone concept – One Band One Road - looks attractive to ASEAN thanks to its scale of the market, they are also concerned about being integrated with any external economic zone without sufficient know-how to protect individual consumers and local industries from global multi-nationals.

    Japan’s support is to provide them with such know-how. 

    It might be a bottom-up approach vis-a-vis China’s top-down approach for the RCEP. 

     

    Japan Focuses On Closing TPP-11

     

    The Abe Cabinet set the goal to reach an outline agreement of the TPP among the 11 member nations in this year’s APEC Summit Meeting in November.

    The Abe administration once tried to persuade the United States to stay in the TPP, but after President Trump’s signing the Executive Order to depart from the partnership, it changed the game plan to lead the remaining 11 countries including Japan to reach a smaller scale TPP without the U.S.

    The head negotiators meeting has been being held at an unprecedentedly high pace, almost every month and its next meeting is going to be held in Japan this month.

     

     New Policy To Support Lifestyle Of The “100 Year Life”

     

    The Abe Administration recently launched a new policy titled “Human Development Innovation” and organized the “100 Year Life Era Concept Forum” to explore institutional reform of education, employment, social security and so forth to keep up with the growing aging society.

    Its first meeting was held on September 11 and in that meeting, Professor Lynda Gratton of London Business School, whose book titled “The 100-Year Life: Living and Working in an Age of Longevity” was widely published, was invited.

    She shared her thought in the meeting that the current typical life pattern of education phase, work phase, and retirement phase should be redesigned to accommodate and represent the 100 years of lifespan.   

    The forum is going to discuss on how accessibility and availability of education to the wide spectrum of generations should be improved while mitigating the financial burden of educational cost for households with small kids. 

    They will talk about how to expect senior people’s contribution as workforce and how to finance social security requirement for such a longer life.

  • 25 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo
    1. ハッカビストAnonymousの大統領弾劾と反白人至上主義活動
    2. オレオレ詐欺の防止となるか? Google Home
    3. 東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化
    4. 中東フリーランサー東京報告26

    ハッカビストAnonymousの大統領弾劾と反白人至上主義活動 ​​​​​

     

    ハッカーで活動家をハッカビストと呼ぶようだが、その代表的な集団のAnonymousが先週、米議会共和党現役議員の中の22名の個人用携帯電話番号をネット上で公開した。

    狙いは一般市民がそれらの主力議員に電話を入れトランプ大統領の弾劾を要求させることにあるとみられる。

    その背景にはその前の週末にシャーロットビルでの白人至上主義者とそれに抗議するリベラルグループとのぶつかり合いに対する大統領の「双方が非難されるべき」発言があるという。

    ワシントンポストの取材では、この個人携帯情報は“AnonOps”というグループが入手したとのことなるもリークで得たのか、ハッキングで盗んだのかは不明という。

    Anonymousは昨年の大統領選期間中を含めこの2年間表立った活動を行ってこなかった。 

    この点、ウィキリークスやGuccifer2.0といったオンラインの活動グループは専ら民主党幹部の電子メールを公表し昨年11月の選挙への影響を行使したと言われている。

    また白人至上主義グループのウェブサイトDaily Stormerがサイバーアタックで閉鎖中の状況にあるのはAnonymousの仕業であると同サイトを運営するグループは非難しているが、当のAnonymousは関与を否定している。

    一方、Anonymousが力を入れているのが南北戦争時の南部同盟(Confederate)を顕彰する11の都市の記念運動を止めさせる運動である。

    奴隷制継続を求めて戦った南部同盟を称える動きと白人至上主義の運動を重ねてみるのは当然であり、AnonymousはConfederate関連のウェブサイトへのサイバーアタックをかけているようである。

    一方、トランプ大統領はツイッターで「南部同盟のシンボルが無くなるのを見ることは悲しい」とつぶやき、シャーロットビルの発言で共和党幹部や大企業幹部の総スカンを食った後にもかかわらずまったく懲りていない無神経さを示していた。

     

    オレオレ詐欺の防止となるか? Google Home

     

    アメリカでは50.8%の世帯が固定電話を持たず携帯電話のみで電話をかけ、受けているという。

    そのようなアメリカの家庭向けにグーグルがGoogle Homeというスマートスピーカーを登場させた。

    電話をかける人が携帯電話を持っていたり、料理中であったりと、手がふさがっていても、Google Homeは音声だけでスピーカーフォンとして機能する。

    通話は無料で、また既存の携帯電話番号を使うものでもないため、極端な話、携帯電話で誰かと通話中に、別の誰かとも並行して通話できる。

    またGoogle Homeは音質を認識できることから通話相手を例えば家族に限定するということも可能という。

    Google Homeはアマゾン、マイクロソフトおよびサムソンによるスマートホームハブというプロジェクトの一環で開発された。 

    廃れ行く固定電話の新たな進化形を標榜しているとワシントンポストでは記しているが、いわゆる有線ではなくWiFiに基づくIP電話であり、ネットを通じて家庭の情報をビッグデータに取り込む大企業の戦略の一環であろう。 

    スピーカーフォンの欠点の音質の悪さと、IP電話のため緊急電話(911)がかけられないという短所もある。

    ただ、家族の声を聞き分けられるならばオレオレ詐欺の防止になるのではないであろうか??

     

    東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

     

    (1) 中国

    * 台湾F-35Bステルス戦闘機の売却を米国に要求

    台湾の主要紙の一つである自由時報は、「米台の軍高官らによる年次会合が、米国のハワイで開かれ、台湾側がステルス戦闘機F35Bの売却を正式に要求した。」と報じている。

    この会議には、米側から太平洋軍のハリス司令官ら、台湾側から「国家安全会議」の陳副秘書長らが出席している、所謂要人が参席した会議である。

    尚、台湾側は自主開発を目指す通常動力型潜水艦の技術移転も求めたと伝えられている。

     

    (2)韓国

    * 三星電子、日本のスマホ市場で8.8%のシェアを記録

    米国の調査会社であるストラテジー・アナリティクス(SA)は、韓国の三星電子が本年4~6月期に日本のスマートフォン市場で70万台を販売し、8.8%のシェアを記録したと報告している。

    6月上旬にNTTドコモとauから発売された最新の旗艦機種「ギャラクシーS8」シリーズが売れ、アップルの41.3%(330万台)、ソニーの16.3%(130万台)に続くシェア3位となっている。

     

    * 済州島、訪問日本人観光客微増

    済州島は韓国有数の観光地であり、外国人観光客の多い地域である。

    こうした中、済州特別自治道政府によると、本年1月1日から8月10日までに済州島を訪れた日本人観光客は3万800人となっており、前年同期の2万9,649人に比べて3.9%増加している。

    日本人観光客の増加は韓国全体にとっても朗報となっている。

     

    [主要経済指標]

    1. 対米ドル為替相場

    韓国:1米ドル/1,136.77(前週対比+2.00)

    台湾:1米ドル/30.29ニュー台湾ドル(前週対比+-0.00)

    日本:1米ドル/109.93円(前週対比-0.34)

    中国本土:1米ドル/6.6689人民元(前週対比+0.0011)

     

    2. 株式動向

    韓国(ソウル総合指数):2,348.26(前週対比14.04)

    台湾(台北加権指数):10,369.57(前週対比+144.29)

    日本(日経平均指数):19,702.63(前週対比+165.53)

    中国本土(上海B):3,246.451(前週対比-9.091)

     

    中東フリーランサー東京報告26

     

    三井物産戦略研究所の大橋研究員から「中東フリーランサー東京報告26」を受領しましたので添付の通り共有させていただきます。

    大橋さんからのコメントを下記いたします。

     

    「残暑お見舞い申し上げます。暑い時に暑苦しい中東のレポートをお送り申し上げます。夏休みの読み物にふさわしいかどうかわかりませんが、ご笑覧ください。

    今回は、カタール危機も触れましたが、以前から気になっていたイエメン問題のまとめをしてみました。サウジ政府のロジックもあり、イエメン内戦をシーア派イランの陰謀→シーア派対スンニー派の代理戦争のように解説する向きが散見せられますが、実態はより根深い、歴史的背景を背負っており、この点はカタール危機にも一脈通じます。ただしシバの女王以来の歴史を延々と辿っても意味がないので(結構興味深い内容ですが)、現今の内戦に関連する事項のみを取り纏めてみました。特に米ソ冷戦とアラブ冷戦の関係は興味深い点ではありますが、今回の内戦には直接の関係は薄いので、大幅に切り詰めました。イエメンには馴染みの薄い方が多いと思いますが、現状のご理解の一助になれば幸甚です。」

  • 21 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Majority Do Not Prefer PM Abe’s 3rd Term

     

    Yomiuri and Waseda University jointly conducted a survey to find the public sentiment about politicians and political parties.

    One of the questions was “how long do you want PM Abe to stay in the position?

    41% of the people who participated in the survey replied: “up until September 2018 when the present term as the President of the LDP expires”.

    23% responded that “he should step down immediately”.

    Although 56% of those who approve the LDP replied that “PM Abe should stay through the next (3rd) term (until September 2021) or longer”, the survey revealed that the great majority of the total respondents are denying the 3rd term.

    As for the intimate feeling to individual politicians and political parties, following are the scores with the scale of 0 (least intimate), 50(neutral) to 100 (most intimate):

     

    <Politicians>

    87th PM Junichiro Koizumi         55.1

    Governor Yuriko Koike               54.9

    Rep Shinjiro Koizumi                  54.2 (Deputy Chief Secretary of the LDP, son of PM Koizumi)

    PM Shinzo Abe                            47.0

    Rep Shigeru Ishiba                     47.0

     

    <Political Parties>

    LDP                                                49.5

    New Komei Party                         33.2

    Japan Restoration Party             31.1

    Democratic Party                          30.4

    Communist Party                         24.9

     

     North Korean Threat Could Be Interpreted As “Crisis of the Existence”

     

    On August 10, in response to the question about the government response to the North Korean missile threat in the National Security Committee of the House of Representative, the new Defense Minister Onodera answered “if the threat turns out to be a “crisis of the existence” event to initiate the response, the Government of Japan can respond the threat.”

    What this Q&A meant was a scenario under which North Korea intends to launch its middle range ballistic missile “Mars 12” aiming at a territory of the United States who is Japan’s ally, Japan can recognize the situation as “Crisis of the Existence” event, which enables Japan to exercise its collective defense right and triggers to intercept the missile using its own ballistic missile defense system. 

    If, however, North Korea declares its target area as 30 km to 40 km off Guam Island, it might be difficult for Japan to interpret the attempt as “Crisis of the Existence” event because it is hard to interpret it as an attack on its allied nation, a senior defense official said to Yomiuri.

     

    Japan’s Economic Growth Shifting To Internal Demand?

     

    According to the Cabinet Office’s quick report, the Japanese economy in the 2nd quarter (April to June) of 2017 grew by 1.0% in a real term (4.0% on an annual basis) from the same period last year.

    Individuals’ spending, which accounts for around 60% of Japan’s GDP, grew by 0.9% (3.6% annually).

    Capital investment grew by 2.4% reflecting the high profitability of the corporate sector and the need to introduce robots and automation systems to cope with the declining labor force.

    In the meantime, exports, which have been a driving force of Japan’s economic growth declined in the same quarter.

    As the result, the internal demand contributed to pushing up the GDP by 1.3% in the quarter, while the external demand contributed to declining it by 0.3%.

     

    Rapid Growth of Foreign Students Aiming At Care Worker’s Job In Japan

     

    Japan’s present immigration law has been amended to add a new visa for “care worker’s job”, and the law will be made effective next month.

    Foreigners, who acquired the national qualification to be a care worker, are entitled to this new visa, which allows a maximum five year stay in Japan and is renewable.

    Because of this amendment, the number of foreign students who entered vocational schools in Japan to acquire care worker’s knowledge and skill jumped to 591 this year, which is 30 times more than five years ago.

    More than 60% the foreign students came from Viet Nam, followed by China, Nepal, Philippine and Korea.

     

     Tourism MBA and Professional Schools To Be Newly Founded

     

    In order to strategically boost its tourism industry, the Government of Japan will authorize tourism MBA course as an officially qualified MBA degree in this month.

    Based on this authorization, Kyoto University and Hitotsubashi University will open the tourism MBA course in their graduate schools.

    The Ministry of Education, Culture、Sports、Science and Technology will also set a standard for newly open professional schools for tourism as early as April 2019.

    These governmental initiatives are part of the Abe Administration’s tourism based growth strategy and are intended to enlarge and strengthen the base of its human capital for the tourism industry including service providers, tourism entrepreneurs and management.

    PM Abe has set the goal for Japan to receive 40 million foreign visitors by the year 2020.

     

    Welcome U.S. Ambassador Hagerty   

     

    The new American Ambassador to Japan Mr. William Francis Hagerty IV arrived in Narita on August 17 and expressed his hope to the Japanese media that he would like to contribute to strengthening the bilateral relationship in the field of security and economy.

  • 07 Aug 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    PM Abe Reshuffled Cabinet

     

    Responding to the ailing approval rate of his Cabinet caused by his own problems and the former Defense Minister’s very poor performance as well as some other ministers’, and to regain some positive momentum to build up his political capital to be invested to his next objective of the Constitutional Amendment, PM Abe reorganized his Cabinet on August 3.

    Finance Minister Aso, Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga, METI Minister Seko, Minister of Land, Transportation and Infrastructure Ishii and Reconstruction Minister Yoshino stayed, while 14 other members were newly appointed by Abe with the consideration of not only the individual experience and ability but also their political factions.

    Among others, the Kishida faction headed by former Foreign Minister Kishida gained the largest share (4 members) as well as Kishida’s appointment as the chairman of the LDP Policy Research Council.

    In order for PM Abe to seek for the political momentum for the Constitutional Amendment, the Kishida faction’s support for LDP’s uniformity is indispensable, the media analyzes.

    The former Foreign Minister Kishida is said to be one of the most likely candidates at the LDP to succeed Abe, while interestingly two newly appointed Cabinet members are not shy in announcing their willingness to participate in the LDP Presidential election next year.  One is Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Seiko Noda.  She was the former Chairman of LDP’s Executive Council.  The other is Mr. Taro Kono, the new Foreign Minister.

    Among the 19 Cabinet members, three graduated Harvard University (master’s degree) and one graduated Georgetown University (bachelor’s degree).

     

    Cabinet Reshuffle Boosted Approval Rating By 6%

     

    Yomiuri’s telephone survey conducted right after the announcement of the Cabinet reorganization revealed that Cabinet approval rating went up by 6% to 42% from the last time, which was conducted in early July.

    Its disapproval rating went down by 4% to 48%.

    The largest reason for disapproval of the Cabinet is the lack of trustworthiness of PM Abe due to the insufficient explanation at the Diet session of his personal involvement in the governmental approval of a new school as part of a private university, which is headed by PM Abe’s acquaintance.

    LDP’s approval rating went up by 5% to 36%, while the approval rating of Democratic Party - the largest opposition party stayed at 6%.

    Ms. Renho, President of Democratic Party announced last week her resignation as the party president.

    If there were visible candidates to replace PM Abe either internally at LDP or externally at the opposition parties, the survey might have shown different results.

     

    PM Abe Ordered Review Of NDPO

     

    Right after the announcement of the reshuffle of his Cabinet, PM Abe ordered the new Defense Minister Onodera to review the present National Defense Program Outline covering Japan’s defense policy through 2024 to respond the recent North Korean and other North East Asian security environmental changes, Nikkei reported.

    NDPO provides the base of the Mid-term Defense Plan that defines defense procurement plan.

    Although the Japanese Self Defense Forces are equipped with ballistic missile defense capabilities like the Aegis destroyers and the Patriot System, North Korea’s demonstration of ICBM launching may present some more threat than originally expected.

    As a case may be, the Aegis Ashore, an onshore version of the Aegis Combat System might need to be introduced, the media reported.

    Besides, China’s recent provocative activity in the area of the south west region of Japan’s territorial air space and water might require some more defense capability to be built in that region.

     

    Multi Nationals Upward Revisions of Fiscal 2017 Profit

     

    Just like American multi-national corporations, Japanese MNCs are enjoying the enlarging demand of the foreign market.

    According to Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Security’s survey, around 8% of the Japanese major MNCs, which end their fiscal 2017 in March next year and had announced their first quarter results (April-June), would revise their profit forecast upward.

    They are MNCs of auto, industrial robot, electric and communication infrastructure companies.

    They answered that they have been experiencing much stronger global market response than originally expected.

    There was a similar phenomenon four years ago, when many MNCs revised their profit forecast upward, but the main cause was unexpected depreciation of yen.

    This time, the main cause is the unexpected growth of the global market demand.

     

    More International Conventions To Be Invited

     

    Nikkei reported that Japan Tourism Agency, METI, the Japan National Tourism Organization and 12 major cities like Yokohama and Fukuoka, which have large convention centers will collaborate with each other to proactively work on organizers of international conventions, exhibitions and scientific societies as well as large corporations to invite their events to those cities’ convention centers.

    Their goal is to have 30% of Asian events in Japan by the year 2020 when the Tokyo Olympic Games are held.

     

    Japan To Qualify Chinese Hospitals For Medical Tourism

     

    Nikkei reported that Medical Excellence Japan(MEJ), a generally incorporated association led by the Japanese government, would deliberate and qualify hospitals in China.

    The number of Chinese people visiting Japan to cure their serious disease is growing year by year, but so is the number of troubles caused by some malicious brokers, which pretend to represent Chinese hospitals side to dispatch their patients.

    MEJ will check individual hospitals in China if they can disclose patients’ treatment historical record and if they can share with Japanese hospitals that treated their Chinese patients follow-up data continuously after their return to China.

    Once they are qualified by MEJ, they do not require any brokers to send their patients directly to Japan.

    The government of Japan recognizes medical tourism as part of tourism and positively promotes the flow of foreign visitors to Japan.    

  • 24 Jul 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    The Olympic Torch to Begin At Either Ishinomaki Or Okinawa In March 2020

     

    The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games are just three years away.

    Yomiuri reported on July 20 that the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games’ torch relay will be originated in March 2020 either in Ishinomaki, one of the hardest hit areas in 2011’s tsunami or in Okinawa.

    The Torch Relay Planning Committee consisting of the Olympic Organizing Committee, the Government of Japan and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has boiled down the relay routes to the two options.

    The relay will go through all the 47 prefectures including small islands.

    The plan assumes 120 days to be spent from the start up to the goal at the new National Athletic Stadium, while the IOC rule says it should be completed within 100 days, thus the committee has to discuss with the IOC on the gap.

    At the time of the previous Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964, Okinawa was governed by the United States.

     

    Foreign Visitors Highest Ever For The First Six Months

     

    According to Japan National Tourism Organization’s statistics of the first six months of this year, which was released on July 19, a total of 13.8 million foreigners visited Japan in the first half.

    It is 17.4% more than the same period last year and renewed the highest record in the five consecutive years in a row.

    The visitors spent around 2 trillion yen, which is an 8.6% increase from the same period last year.

    The following shows the top three nationalities of the visitors:

     

    1. Korean:       3.4 million (42.5% increase)
    2. Chinese:     3.3 million (6.7% increase)
    3. Taiwanese: 2.3 million (6.1% increase)

     

    This fast pace of the increase is reportedly attributable to the increase of the number of LCC flights connecting Asia and Japan as well as the recovery of the Chinese economy.

    The number of the American visitors to Japan increased by 14.0% in this period to 0.7 million.

    The Government of Japan is aiming to achieve the number of 40 million foreign visitors with their spending of 8 trillion yen in the year 2020.

     

    Ambassador Hagerty To Take The Office

     

    The media here widely reported last week that newly appointed Ambassador William Hagerty would come  to Japan next month to take the office

    He has been in Japan in 1980’s for around three years as an expat of a consulting company.

    He was the Director of Economic Development in Tennessee from 2011 through 2015.

    At the recent public hearing in May at the Congress, Ambassador Hagerty reportedly expressed his priority to reduce the U.S. trade deficit against Japan, while strengthening the security alliance with Japan to be prepared for the North Korean nuclear missile threat.

     

    ANA Invests In Space Debris Cleaning  

     

    ANA Holdings, which is the holding company of All Nippon Airways and its affiliated companies announced on the 14th of July that it invests $3 million to a venture company by the name of Astro Scale in Singapore.

    Astro Scale is going to provide space debris cleaning services by dispatching its satellite with sensors to detect space debris and identify their locations.

    It then launches another satellite with a magnet to retrieve the debris like broken satellites etc. and burns itself out together with debris through re-entry in the atmosphere.

    ANA Holdings are aiming at commercialization of space trips in 2023 and they see it vital to keep the orbits as clean as possible.

  • 03 Jul 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    Largest Down Ever – Abe Cabinet Approval Rating

     

    Yomiuri reported on June 19 its monthly survey results of Cabinet and Political Parties’ approval ratings for the month of June.

    The approval rating of the Abe Cabinet declined by 12% from 61% in May to 49%. 

    It is the largest decrement ever since he came back to the top position in 2012.

    It is true that PM Abe since his inauguration in 2012 has delivered many actual results and paid more foreign visits than any predecessors for not only diplomacy but also building economic relationship.

    People of Japan have been rewarding him with the high Cabinet approval ratings ever.

    However, it might have created over-confidence or even arrogance at the side of PM and PM’s House and his Cabinet.

    The Cabinet rammed a couple of bills related to national security through the Diet despite the demand of the opposition parties for more deliberation.

    Some of the Cabinet members made inappropriate statements.

    And now, PM Abe himself is under fire with the suspicion that he might have given some facilities to his friend, who is president of a university so that the university’s new project is approved by the government.

    It is analyzed by the media that all these factors contributed to the declination of the approval rating.

    Despite this high dissatisfaction by the public, 41% of them are still supporting the ruling LDP (43% in May), while only 7% supports Democratic Party (6%).

    So, PM Abe is expected to shuffle his Cabinet soon to gain back his political momentum.

     

    JASDF F-35 To Be Equipped With Anti Surface Missile

     

    Yomiuri reported recently that the Abe Administration is seriously considering to equip its F-35 stealth fighters with the Joint Strike Missiles(JSM).

    The Japan Air Self Defense Force decided to introduce 42 aircraft of F-35 from this fiscal year to replace the aging F-4 Phantoms.

    The JASDF does have many Air-to-Ship missiles in its inventory but no Air-to-Surface missiles, which could be used to counter enemy missile launching sites.

    The administration is trying to explain to the public and to the neighbor nations that JSM, if introduced, should be used mostly to defend Japan’s remote islands like Senkaku from enemy’s invasion.

    Coupled with the high stealth capability of F-35, JSM’s long range performance would surely bring Japan with necessary counter-attack ability against foreign enemy missile launching sites after initial launching of ballistic missiles.

    It is yet to be seen how Japan’s neighbor nations would react if Japan eventually decided to introduce JSM to JASDF’s inventory.

     

    Japan-China-Korea Summit Postponed

     

    Yomiuri reported that China declined to come to Japan to participate in the Japan-China-Korea Summit meeting that Japan as chair-nation since 2016 had been preparing to organize in late July.

    Korea has accepted Japan’s sounding of the timing of the summit, while China declined it.

    It is suspected that China declined it this time due probably to the fact that China-Korea relationship had been worsened due to Korea’s decision to accept the American THAAD Ballistic Missile Defense System within the U.S. Force’s base in Korea.

    If this summit were materialized, it would have been the first occasion for both Korean new President Moon Jae-in and China’s PM Li Keqiang to come to Japan.

     

    Japan-EU EPA

     

    The Japan-EU EPA negotiation was bought up to the ministerial level on June 30.

    The media reported that the largest open issue is the tariff of European cheese products, for which Japan tries to keep the tariff of soft cheese like Camembert as it is, while EU strongly demands eliminating its tariff.

    The Japanese side has already given some level of compromise for the tariff of pork, wine and chocolate, but it is considering to further compromise on those items so that the cheese tariff can be kept intact.

    Whether the ministerial level negotiation would be able to bear the fruit of “basic agreement” is yet to be seen.

  • 26 Jun 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.ペンタゴンは戦闘機編隊にロボット(無人機)を編入?

    2.ラップトップに迫るiPad Pro

    3.東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

    4.中東フリーランサー東京報告24


    ペンタゴンは戦闘機編隊にロボット(無人機)を編入?

     

    米国防省は自前のハイテク研究開発組織DARPA(国防高等研究開発プロジェクト庁)を有するが、シリコンバレーにもオフィスを設けて新たな技術へのアンテナを張り、時に資本投下して新技術孵化を図っている。

    ワシントンポストによれば、シリコンバレーでペンタゴンの支援を受けたKratos Defense and Security Solutions社は有人戦闘機のウィングマン役を果たせるロボット(ドローン)を開発することに成功したと報じた。

    このUTAP-22 Makoというドローンはペンタゴンのシリコンバレー研究所通称DIUxの資金により開発されたという。

    このドローンは編隊長となるF-16或いはF-35戦闘機の後ろを縦列で追随し、基本的な編隊を維持することに成功したという。

    今後備え付けのセンサー技術とAIを駆使して、より一層高度な編隊訓練に入る

    このドローンの将来の適用はこれから考えられるようだが、編隊長を代替することはなく、あくまでもウィングマン役として編隊長の“意図”を読み(察し)、様々な編隊任務を編隊長の正確に追随する形で果たすとみられる。

    一機200万ドルから300万ドルと、F-35に象徴される最新鋭戦闘機の100分の1の費用で優秀なウィングマンが得られるならば革新的ともいえる。

    従来、編隊長と寝食を共にし厳しい訓練を通じて気心を知り尽くした人間だけの編隊が有事の過酷な状況下でコミュニケーションを取り合い助け合いながら1つの有機体のように任務を遂行するのに対し、AIはどこまでウィングマンに徹し編隊長を支援することが可能なのか、そして最終的に編隊長までもがAIに代わられる時期が迫っているのか気になるところである。

     

    ラップトップに迫るiPad Pro

     

    この秋にリリースされるiOS11という新型OSに基づくiPad Proは「ラップトップとそん色のない機能性と能力を有する」、とワシントンポストのビジネス欄の記事に紹介された。

    もともとのアップルのファイル構成に加え、多くのマルチタスク機能が加わるとのこと。

    同時に4つのアプリケーションをスクリーン上に立ち上げることができ、2つを並列で、1つを控えにしている状態で、そして画像の中にビデオを流すことができるとのこと。

    画面自身も少し大きくなり(10.5インチ)、処理速度も向上することから軽量のラップトップを求めている移動の多いビジネスマンに1つの選択肢としてお勧め、とのことでした。

    価格は649ドルだそうです。 どうしてもビジネス用キーパッドを必要と思われる方は追加258ドル(キーパッド159ドル+ペンシル99ドル)です。

    私自身はアップルのユーザーではないので宣伝の意図はありませんが、前の国産ラップトップ(2kg)を壊してしまい、購入した別の国産ラップトップ(中古)が700グラム台の超軽量で、以来、出張や移動がまったく苦にならなくなりました(ラップトップを持っていることを忘れる)。

    軽量ラップトップという意味で検討に値する選択肢なのではと思い情報共有する次第です。

     

    東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

     

    • 中国

     

    •   第一四半期10.3%成長のマカオ

    1999年にポルトガルから中国本土に帰属したマカオの経済は今年に入り、順調に推移している。

    マカオと区別行政区政府・統計調査局は、本年第1四半期(2017年1~3月期)のマカオの域内総生産(GDP)が物価変動の影響を除く実質で10.3%増となり、昨年第4四半期の7%を上回ったと発表している。プラス成長は3四半期連続であり、また、増加幅も拡大している。

    マカオ政府は、サービス輸出及び投資の改善が持続していること、昨年第1四半期のベースが低かったことを増加の要因として挙げている。

     

    •   パナマと中国本土と国交

    パナマは、中国本土と国交を結ぶと発表した。

    これまで外交関係を結んでいた台湾とは断交するとしている。

    これにより、台湾と外交関係を持つ国は20カ国に減ることになる。

     

    • 韓国

     

    •   中国の対韓報復緩和の兆し?

    韓国1位の格安航空会社であるチェジュ航空は、「中国本土の航空当局から、山東省行きの定期路線に対する増便の許可が出た。」

    と発表している。

    米国が主導するミサイルシステムであるTHAADの問題で中国本土の報復が始まった昨年末以来、韓国の航空会社が中国の定期路線の増便許可を受けたのは今回が初めてであり、韓国では今後、中国本土の報復が緩和されることに期待感が高まっている。

    尚、日本人観光客も5%減少している。

     

    •   低迷する訪韓外国人観光客数

    米国の高度防衛ミサイル(THAAD)配備を巡り、冷え切っている中韓関係は最近、中国側の姿勢変化により、雪解けの兆しが見えてきているが、韓国免税店協会によると、韓国国内の免税店を5月訪れた外国人観光客数は99万8,000人となり、昨年3月の123万4,600人に比べて19%減少している。

     THAAD報復措置により韓国を訪れる外国人観光客の半数を占める中国人観光客が急減した影響で、100万人を切ったと見られ、1年前の183万人に比べると約半分で、中東呼吸器症候群(MERS=マース)感染問題で訪韓外国人観光客が急減した2015年7月以来の低い水準となっている。

    これにより、免税店の売上も回復しておらず、韓国国内の免税店における外国人客の売上高は、5月は5億9,015万米ドルで、前月より11%減少している。

     

    •   三星SDI、ハンガリー進出

    韓国は大宇グループに見られるように比較的早くからハンガリーでの生産拠点運営には積極的な国である。

    こうした中、韓国トップの財閥グループである三星グループ系列の大手電機メーカーとなる三星SDIは、ハンガリーの首都・ブダペスト北方にあるゲドで電気自動車用バッテリー工場の完工式を行ったと発表している。

    完工したのは33万平方メートルの工場で、年間で電気自動車5万台に搭載できるバッテリーを量産する計画となっている。

     

    •   現代自動車、中国百度とIoTで提携

    こうした中、韓国トップの自動車メーカーである現代自動車は、インターネットで車両間、モノ、人を結ぶコネクテッドカーの開発に向け、中国本土のインターネット企業大手である百度と提携をした。

     

    [主要経済指標]

    1         対米ドル為替相場

    韓国:1米ドル/1,133.68(前週対比-11.31)

    台湾:1米ドル/30.36ニュー台湾ドル(前週対比-0.25)

    日本:1米ドル/111.11円(前週対比-1.01)

    中国本土:1米ドル/6.8125人民元(前週対比-0.0135)

     

    2.       株式動向

    韓国(ソウル総合指数):2361.652,363.57(前週対比-8.15)

    台湾(台北加権指数):10,156.73(前週対比-.69.05)

    日本(日経平均指数):19,943.26(前週対比+34.00)

    中国本土(上海B):3,132.486(前週対比-17.848)

                      

    中東フリーランサー東京報告24

     

    三井物産戦略研究所の大橋研究員からの「中東フリーランサー東京報告24」をお届けします。

    大橋さんからは以下のコメントをいただいています。

    「久々に湾岸諸国(サウジ、UAE、カタール、クウェイト)に出張してきました(5月20日~30日)。今回は低油価下の湾岸の経済状況の実態視察と共に、過去に仕事でいろいろつながりのあった現地実業かと再会して、リテール事業などの生活産業関連での可能性を探るのが目的でしたが、おりからのトランプ訪サや、その後にカタールバッシングが発生し、帰国後早々にサウジのカタール断交とエスカレートしてしまいましたので、今回は取り急ぎそれらについてご報告いたします。例によって私見に満ちてはおりますが、現地からの雰囲気も含めてお伝えいたしますでの、お時間ある時にご覧いただければ幸甚です。」

  • 16 Jun 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    1.  Emperor’s Abdication Law Approved

    2. Japan-EU EPA Negotiations Nearing Conclusion

    3. New Economic Policy Precedes Growth Over Fiscal Discipline

    4. Civil Protection Portal Site for Smart Phone Opened


    Emperor’s Abdication Law Approved

     

    The special law to allow Emperor Akihito to abdicate was approved unanimously by the Diet on June 9. 

    It has been almost 200 years since the last abdication by sitting Emperor(1817 by Emperor Kokaku).

    The Administration is going to announce the name of the new era in the summer of 2018.   

    As for the timing of the enthronement and the change of the era, there are two schedules being considered. 

    One is to make them on the New Year Day of 2019 and the other is the first day  of Fiscal 2019(April 1, 2019).

    Prince Hironomiya (57 years old) is to ascend the throne. 

    Prince Akishinomiya, a younger brother of Prince Hironomiya is going to be the next in line to the imperial throne in Japan.

     

     Japan-EU EPA Negotiations Nearing Conclusion

     

    The senior leaders of EU’s trade organization responsible for FTA/EPA negotiations are visiting Japan this week to negotiate with their Japanese counterparts on open issues of the Japan-EU EPA. 

    According to Yomiuri, the Abe Administration is aiming that a basic agreement will be made at the time of the G20 Summit scheduled in coming July in Germany.

    Among the 27 open issues including tariff, governmental procurement methods, intellectual property protection and so forth, the most contested issue is tariff.

    Japan demands EU to eliminate the tariff on Japanese automobiles (10%) and Japanese electronics (max 14%), while EU demands Japan to abolish its tariff on EU’s cheese, pasta and other dairy products (max 30%).

    The Japanese side is said to limit the level of its concession to EU with regard to its tariffs up to the TPP agreement level.  

    This is because the Japanese Administration would like to be prepared for a future Japan-U.S. FTA as the result of the U.S. decision to withdraw from the TPP agreement.

    If its concession to EU is larger than the one for the TPP, the U.S. naturally demands the new concession on agricultural products, which should politically complicate the negotiation and make the issue broader.

     

    New Economic Policy Precedes Growth Over Fiscal Discipline

     

    The Abe Cabinet approved a new economic policy titled “Basic Policy for Economic Fiscal Management and Reform”.

    Its goal is to achieve an annual economy of 600 trillion yen or more as GDP by 2020 (presently 540 trillion yen) through the following three boost plans over and above the present growth plan:

    1. Future investment strategy: Its main pillar is dubbed “the fourth industrial revolution” exploring quantum leap in productivity through new technology experiments in automatic driving system, drone, IT and Fintech etc.
    2. Deregulation implementation plan: This plan mainly intends to increase inbound visitors and foreign business persons by relaxing regulations that had restricted the visitors’ flow to Japan or that provided unfriendly business environments for foreign business persons.
    3. Revitalization plan for towns, people and jobs: This mainly focuses regional economic revival by delegating more tax authority etc. to the local governments.

     

    Civil Protection Portal Site for Smart Phone Opened

     

    The “Civil Protection Portal Site” was established in 2005 to inform the Japanese public of the threat of the North Korean missile attacks.  

    Concretely, it explains the mechanism of the nation-wide instantaneous alert system called “J-ALERT” and to list Q&As with regard to what to do for individual protection.

    In the past, the volume of the access to the website were around 100,000 per month in average.

    With the series of the missile launches in the past several months, the number went up to 450,858 in March and 9,368,637 in April.

    Because of the high demand for access, the government this week released its smart phone version.

    Once a missile is launched and if its trajectory calculation results in a possibility of its landing within the Japanese territory or territorial water, the J-ALERT will immediately alert the area around the calculated landing points to evacuate and protect themselves in certain ways.

    The following link shows its PC website:

    http://www.kokuminhogo.go.jp/en/pc-index_e.html

  • 14 Jun 2017 by NOBUO YONEYAMA

    We hosted a global multi-metro event last Thursday at our office in Tokyo.

    It was the BIGGEST multi-metro event EVER, and we pulled it off! Read more about each session at the links below, and watch portions of the event, too.

    Special thanks to all the speakers and collaborators! Our speakers in Tokyo were especially insightful. Thank you Konno san, Ohishi san and Otsuji san!

    Market Entry/Growth Panel Discussion, Part 1

    Read more and watch the video for part 1 HERE

    • Jan Knight, Principal at Bancroft Information Services (Tucson) - "Cross Border Market Research"
    • Hiroshi Konno, President/CEO at Konno Corporation (Tokyo)  - "IoT Trends and Opportunities"
    • Eric Miller, Co-Owner and Principal, PADT (Phoenix) - "Product Development in a Global World"
    • Vinayak Gupta, EVP Operations at Zero Mass Water (Phoenix) - "Growing & Operating Cross Border, Marketing Side"
    • Eduardo Gonzalez, Dep. Trade & Investment Commissioner, Promexico (Phoenix) - "Growing & Manufacturing, US vs Mexico"
    • Gus Scannapieco, CEO, Global Business Ventures (Nashville) - "Next on NAFTA"

     

    Global Manufacturing Panel Discussion, Part 2

    Read more and watch the video for part 2 HERE

    • Kazuaki Ohishi, Sr. Economist at Institute for Int'l Economic Studies of Toyota (Tokyo) - "Japan-Mexico Business Trends in Automotive"
    • Sumio Otsuji, Toyota Motor Corp. & Institute for Int'l Econ. Studies Tokyo - "Japan-Mexico Business Trends in Automotive"
    • Kirk Gerber, VP Manufacturing at Zero Mass Water (Phoenix) - "Growing & Operating Cross Border, Manufacturing"
    • Eduardo Saavedra, EVP of Business Development at Offshore Group (Tucson) - "Manufacturing in Mexico"
    • Arturo Freydig, CEO of ECN (Hermosillo) - "Automation to Become More Competitive"
    • Luis Ramirez, Principal at Ramirez Advisors Inter-National (Phoenix) - "Cross Border Issues"
    • Arnulfo Martinez, Executive Director at Industrial Development Commission of Mexicali (Phoenix) - "Setting Up Operations"

     

  • 09 Jun 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo


    1.インフラ週間始まる

    2.アメリカの人口動態を象徴するビルボードランキング

    3.東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

    4.6月9日グローバルチャンバーのイベント

    インフラ週間始まる


    インフラ週間始まる

     

    インフラ投資はトランプ大統領が掲げた主要公約の1つで、10年で1兆ドル規模の投資を図るという。

    その肝は民活で、実際の政府予算はそのうちの2割、残りを民間からの投資で賄うという。

    その手法にはパブリック・プライベート・パートナーシップ(PPI)などが取りざたされている。

    中東歴訪を終えたトランプ大統領は今週を“インフラ週間”と呼び、彼の公約実現に向けた議会に対するキャンペーンを行っている。

    その目玉としてトランプ政権が法制化を狙っているのがFAA連邦航空局の民営化という。

    具体的にはFAAの航空管制機能をNPO組織に移牒し運営させることを実現する法制化である。

    この民営化が実現すればNextGenと名付けられた総額360億ドルもの航空管制インフラ近代化プログラムが実現しやすくなることが1つの大きな売りという。

    この近代化プログラムの目玉は従来の陸上レーダーに基づく航空管制・誘導に対し、GPSを使った管制・誘導システムを導入するもので、これにより飛行間隔やルートの短縮を実現し、エアラインと乗客の双方に多大なメリットをもたらすことが期待されている。

    上院民主党は、先月発表されたトランプ政権の次年度予算案の中で既存インフラへの予算カットが目立ったことから、「トランプ大統領のインフラ公約は当のインフラ自体の劣化より早く劣化している」と批判しており、上述のFAA航空管制民営化に如何なる態度で臨むかは予断を許さない。

    航空管制の民営化はカナダなどで実現し、成功しており、もしこれがトランプ政権で実現すればインフラ民活化の突破口となることは間違いなく、注目される案件といえよう。

     

    アメリカの人口動態を象徴するビルボードランキング

     

    ビルボードランキングトップで今週2週目に入った曲“Despacito”はLuis FonciとDaddy Yankeeという二人のシンガーが歌うスペイン語の曲である。

    ワシントンポストが過去35年さかのぼって調べたところでは、英語以外の曲でビルボードのトップか上位にランクされた曲はこの曲を入れてわずか15曲のみという。

    今回のDespacitoが過去の他の14曲と比べて注目されるのはヒスパニックの文化に根付いた曲であるということ。 

    過去のもので上位に入った曲はリスナーの心を捕らえるアップテンポのダンスミュージックが多かった。 

    この“現象”の背景に、米国内でのスペイン語を主に話し続ける人口の増大があるとワシントンポストでは推察している。

    37年前の1980年時点で全人口の4.9%、1千万人強であったスペイン語を主に話すアメリカ人が2015年で11.5%、35百万人を超えている。

    因みに2010年の国勢調査で母語を問わずヒスパニック系というくくりでは全人口の16%を超えている。

    我々にも馴染みのある“La Bamba”はビルボードのトップを3週間継続したそうだが、Despacitoが来週までトップに居続ければその記録に並ぶとのことである。

    もう1つちなみに、坂本九の『上を向いて歩こう(Sukiyaki)』がビルボードのトップを飾ったのが1963年5月で、3週連続トップをキープしている。

     

    東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にて

    ダイジェスト版化

     

    • 中国

    中国国際格付けダウン

    米国の格付け会社のムーディーズ・インベスターズ・サービスは、中国政府が発行する国債の格付けを、「Aa3からA1に1段階引き下げた。」と発表している。

    ムーディーズは、「中国本土は今後、経済の成長が減速するため、国全体の借金が増えると予想される。」

    と予測し、こうした点を、格下げの中心的な理由に挙げている。

    いずれにしても、ムーディーズが中国の格付けを下方修正したのは天安門事件が起きた1989年以来、何と28年ぶりとなっており、ムーディーズは声明で、更に詳細に、

    「高度成長を維持しようという中国本土政府の景気浮揚策が経済全体の負債増加に繋がるであろう。

    国内総生産(GDP)に占める政府債務の割合が2018年時点で40%、2020年には45%に達すると試算される。」ともコメントしている。

    また、今般の信用格付け引き下げを受けて、上海総合指数は一時1%以上下落し、人民元も小幅ながら下落している。

    こうしたことを受けて、中国政府・財政部は、

    「ムーディーズは、不適切な手法に基づき、中国経済が直面する問題を誇張している。債務急増、改革難航、力ずくの成長維持が挙げられたが、いずれも誇張である。

    中国の構造改革の取り組みを見くびってはいないか。」と不快感を示すコメントを出している。

     

    安定収益期に入った台湾高速鉄道

    台湾高速鉄道(所謂、台湾新幹線の運営企業)が開催した今般の株主総会では、1株当たりの配当金を0.6ニュー台湾ドルとすることが決議されている。

    配当金の支払いは、2007年の開業以来、初めて行われた昨年に続いて2年連続となり、税引後利益は41億5,000万ニュー台湾ドルとなる。

    同社の2016年度の営業収益は406億1,000万ニュー台湾ドル、また、2016年度の運行本数は5万1,106本と前年度に比べて574本増え、利用者数は5,659万人で、前年度対比603万人増となっている。

    航空会社との比較競争優位の視点などから、採算性が懸念されてきた台湾新幹線もここに来て、黒字基調が定着する傾向が見られ、これをサポートしてきた日本勢としても一安心と言えよう。

     

    • インド国産原子力発電所増

    インド政府は、国産の原子力発電所10基を増やすことを決定している。

    日本の東芝の経営不安の遠因となった米国・原発子会社であるウェスチングハウス(WH)が、このうち6基の建設を計画しているが、WHの今後の経営はまだまだ未確定であり、このインド案件に関しても先行き不透明である。

    こうしたことから、インド政府は、国産原発の増設で急増する電力需要を自国で乗り越えようとしているとみられる。

     

    • 韓国

     

    4月の観光客前年同月比27.2%ダウン

    中国人観光客が減少した影響で、4月に韓国を訪れた外国人観光客の数が前年同月対比27.2%減となる106万9,800人に留まったと韓国観光公社は発表している。

    また、このうち中国人観光客は約22万7,800人で、前年同月対比66.6%減少している。

    中国政府が米国が推進する最新鋭地上配備型迎撃システムである「高度防衛ミサイル(THAAD)」の在韓米軍配備に反対し、3月から、中国本土の旅行会社に対して、韓国団体旅行を規制していることが影響していると見られている。

    尚、日本人観光客も5%減少している。

     

    第四次産業革命に対する対応状況 4-5年ビハインド

    2012年にドイツが提唱し、IOTを意識した産業革命を推進しようとして進展している第四次産業革命に関して、韓国の産業研究院は、「韓国製造業の第4次産業革命に対する対応現況と評価」と題する報告書を発表したが、これによると、先進国の企業と比べた韓国製造業の第4次産業革命への対応水準は81点となると発表している。

    これは先進国の企業を100点とした場合の韓国企業の対応水準を相対的に評価したもので、先進企業との格差が1年ある場合を5点差に換算していることから、韓国は先進国と比べて約4年の格差があることになる。

    分野別に見ると、製造・工程分野は90点であるが、デザイン(73点)、ブランド構築(75点)などの分野は5年差があるとされている。

    また、業種別で見ると、韓国が世界的な競争力を持つIT製品・部品は平均97点で、先進企業との格差は1年未満と評価されているが、素材産業と新興産業の評価は平均75点となっている。

    同院は、「これまでの産業政策に対する固定観念、製造業とサービス業を区分する二分法的な思考から脱却し、条件変化への迅速な対応が可能な能力を高めなければならない。

    韓国政府の役割面でも、研究開発(R&D)一辺倒から企業の革新を主導できる方向へと制度見直し、環境づくりに努めるべきである。」と厳しいコメントをしている。

     

    [主要経済指標]

    1.         対米ドル為替相場

    韓国:1米ドル/1,121.60(前週対比-3.77)

    台湾:1米ドル/30.11ニュー台湾ドル(前週対比-0.01)

    日本:1米ドル/111.52円(前週対比-0.21)

    中国本土:1米ドル/6.8151人民元(前週対比+0.0374)

     

    2.         株式動向

    韓国(ソウル総合指数):2,371.72(前週対比+16.42)

    台湾(台北加権指数):10,152.53(前週対比+50.58)

    日本(日経平均指数):20,177.28(前週対比+490.44)

    中国本土(上海B):3,105.540(前週対比-4.519)

                      

    グローバルチャンバーイベント

     

    来月6月9日(金)の朝8時から弊社会議室と米国、メキシコのパネリストをつないでの製造業の海外展開に関するイベントを行いました。

    日本からは今野製作所の今野社長とトヨタ自動車のシンクタンクである国際経済研究所の大辻社長と大石主席研究員にご登壇いただきました。

    今野社長は経産省が推進するIndustrial Value-chain Initiativeプロジェクトにおける中小企業のネットワーク『つながる町工場』事業で現在進行中のプロジェクトの状況と、それに基づく日本の中小企業の新たなトレンドについてお話いただきました。

    大石主席研究員はこれまでのメキシコのマクロ経済の発展、その中でも自動車産業の目を見張る発展が30年を超える同国の政治経済の判定に依拠していることについて触れつつ、トランプ大統領による国境問題やNAFTA見直し問題に端を発する反米センチメントが来年のメキシコ大統領選での左派候補の躍進をもたらし、それが政治的不安定をもたらすというワーストシナリオも視野に情報収集をされている状況を披露されました。

    「日本から見て米国とアジアという2つの海外の潜在市場・投資先はいまどのように映っているのか?」との米国側参加者からの質問に対し、大辻社長からは「昨年の日本の対外投資の4割は米国向けであるという厳然たる事実を示しつつも、短期的にはNAFTAの見直しがどうなるのかが最大の注目点である」と回答され、「むしろあなたがたにメキシコ大統領選挙とNAFTA見直しの見通しを教えてほしい」と質問をされました。 それに対し、フェニックスにいるメキシコ人ビジネスマンからは誰が大統領になってもこれまでの大きな流れは変わらないのでは、との楽観的な見通しが語られていました。 大石主席研究員と大辻社長からは別途、米側の思惑としてNAFTA見直しを年内か来年早々に済ませ、来年のメキシコ大統領選に悪影響を与えないようにすることが、そのあとに予定される中間選挙対策にも必要と米政権は考えるのであろうとの読みを語られていました。 このビデオカンファレンスの様子はグローバルチャンバーのウェブサイトに近々掲載される予定です。 当方で撮った写真は弊社HPのギャラリーにアップします。

  • 26 May 2017 by Global Chamber Tokyo

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ​​​​​​​- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    1.トランプ大統領とイスラエルの相性

    2.大胆な変革を目指すフォード

    3.東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

    4.6月9日グローバルチャンバーのイベントのご案内

    5.各国の中小企業支援策の違い

    ​​​​​​​- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ​​​​​​​- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

     

     

    トランプ大統領とイスラエルの相性

     

    今週中東を歴訪し、イスラエルとパレスチナの和平構築に意欲を見せたトランプ大統領だが、イスラエル軍や情報部門といった同国の安全保障を担う筋はオバマ大統領時代の米ーイ関係が実は良好で、ジェスチャー先行気味のトランプ大統領の治世に不安を示しているとの話をオバマ政権時代の駐イスラエル米国大使であったダニエル・シャピロ氏のワシントンポストに語っている。

    イスラエルのネタニヤフ首相パレスチナとの和平の進め方やイランへの対処の仕方において、ことごとくオバマ大統領と対立し、両者の不仲が両国のメディアに書き立てられてきた。

    極めつけは昨年末の国連安全保障委員会でのイスラエルによるパレスチナ自治区への入植活動非難決議に対し、米国が拒否権を発動しなかったことから、その後のアンケート調査では57%のイスラエル市民が「オバマ政権がイスラエルに冷たい」との印象を持っていたという。

    一方、69%はトランプ大統領が親イスラエルであるとみており、オバマ政権のイスラエルーパレスチナ和平方針をイスラエル寄りのものに変えてくれると期待しているという。

    特にネタニヤフ首相はトランプが「真の友人である」と称えてはばからない。 

    ところが、実際にはトランプ大統領は今週パレスチナ解放機構のアッバス議長とも面談し、両者並存の和平実現を目指す姿勢を示している。 

    また、イランとの核合意を撤回する機会をとらえず、既存の合意枠組みを維持していることがイスラエルの特に右寄りの層に懸念をもたらしている。

    一方、イスラエルの安全保障関係筋がシャピロ氏に語ったところでは、オバマ政権下で米―イ間の軍、情報関係者の関係はかつてなく緊密化できたという。

    その理由としてオバマ大統領自身がイスラエルの安全保障環境について深く学んでおり、イスラエルの安全へのコミットメントの強さ、そして変わらぬ首尾一貫した支援姿勢を示すリーダーシップスタイルが感じられたためという。

    イスラエル軍を退役したばかりの幹部は「オバマを批判することはたやすいが、軍同士の関係の緊密化への貢献は計りしえない」と語る。

    一方、トランプ大統領は首尾一貫しない姿勢が感じられる点はもとより、ロシアへの情報漏えいの懸念すら出てきている。

    モサドで有名なイスラエルの諜報機関はその情報源確保と保護に膨大な労力を使っているといい、その情報源が漏えいされることを極端に懸念することから今の米政権にオバマ政権時代と同等の情報共有ができるのか懸念があるようである。

    シャピロ氏はそのコラムを、イスラエルの建国の父の一人で初代首相のベングリオン氏が米国大統領選挙に勝利したJ.F.ケネディ大統領に送った有名なメッセージで終えている。

    「あなたがイスラエルを助けてくれる最良の方法は、あなた自身がアメリカ合衆国の偉大な大統領になることです」と。

     

    大胆な変革を目指すフォード

     

    米国自動車メーカー大手のフォードのトップが今週交代したが、ワシントンポストによれば大株主のフォード家による現社長のフィールド氏の更迭のニュアンスが強いという。

    新社長となるジム・ハケット氏は家具会社の幹部で、自動車の経験はほぼゼロといわれる人物で、昨年フォードの“スマート・モビリティ”輸送計画を推進する立場としてスカウトされた。 自動車メーカーの常識、旧弊にとらわれず、シリコンバレーのテスラのような新業態を模索することが期待されているという。

    ウォールストリートジャーナルとのインタビューで同社取締役会長のビル・フォードJrは「我々は意思決定にスピードを必要としている」と語っている。

    フォード社自体は米国内の自動車市場の活況のおかげで過去4年間で250億ドル(2兆8千億円)もの利益を上げているものの、株価はフィールド社長が3年前に就任したころから30%もダウンしていることに今回の更迭劇の真因があるようである。 

    フォードは米国内の車とトラックの市場の14.6%もの占有率を誇るものの同社の株価に基づく市場価値は440億ドルとテスラの500億ドルに及ばない

    これまでのライバルであるGMやトヨタをにらんでの対策の次元とは別に、電気自動車のテスラや相乗り民タクサービスのウーバー、グーグルの親会社のアルファベットのようなハイテク企業とぶつかり合うシナリオに基づく対抗策が求められている

    この点でハケット新社長は「変革型リーダー」であり、前職Steelcase社において家具のコモディティ化を防ぎ、高収益体質を実現した実績があるという。

     

    東アジア情勢 -愛知淑徳大学ビジネス学部真田幸光教授の最新レポートを弊社にてダイジェスト版化

     

    (1)  中国

     

    •   親日台湾の反日的な動き

    台湾南部の台南市・烏山頭ダムに設置されていた、日本の植民地時代の土木技師・八田与一の銅像の首が切り取られるという事件が発生した。

    今般、この銅像の修復作業が完了し、現地で修復の除幕式が行われたが、台湾にも反日意識を持つ者がこうした行為に出ている点は一応留意しておきたい。

     

    •   中国の対北制裁の効果

    国連の安全保障理事会の北朝鮮制裁委員会がホームページで公表したデータに基づくと、中国が制裁強化の一環として、北朝鮮からの石炭輸入を2月に停止したことが影響して、北朝鮮にとって主要な外貨獲得源である石炭輸出が大幅に減っている模様である。

    即ち、北朝鮮の3月の石炭輸出量は6,342トン(約57万米ドル)となっており、1月の約144万トン(約1億2,639万米ドル)、2月の約123万トン(約1億459万米ドル)と比べると、総量ベースで約200分の1まで大きく減少していると見られている。

     

    •   中国による台湾のWHO総会参加排除の動き

    スイス・ジュネーブで開かれる世界保健機関(WHO)総会の招請状が、台湾当局に届かず、今年は参加が困難な状況となった。

    台湾は2009年以降、オブザーバー参加を続けてきたが、今回は加盟国の中国本土がWHO側に参加を認めないよう働きかけたと見られている。

    即ち、台湾独立志向が強い民主進歩党政権に台湾の執権が代わったことに対する中国本土の圧力と見られ、蔡総統はWHOへの台湾出席問題について、国際社会に対して、台湾参加の意義を訴えてきたがこれが認められなかったようである。

     

    •   文新大統領へのプレッシャー?

    中国の習近平国家主席は、今回の韓国大統領選挙で当選した文在寅新大統領に祝電を送り、その中で、

    「政治的な相互信頼を強めて対立点を適切に処理し、健全で安定した両国関係の発展を推進したい。」

    と柔らかい表現ながら、韓国に圧力をかけるコメントをしている。

    更にまた、中国本土の中央テレビによると、中国本土の習近平国家主席は、韓国の文在寅大統領と電話会談し、当選の祝意を伝えた上で、

    「韓国の新政府が中国本土の重大関心事項を重視し、実際の行動で両国関係を平穏に発展させることを希望する。」

    と述べたと伝えられている。

    これは、在韓米軍への最新鋭ミサイル防衛システム「高度地域防衛(THAAD)」の配備中止を求めたことを意味すると見られている。

     

    (2)韓国

    •   THAAD問題の煽りを受けるロッテ

    韓国国内では、ロッテグループのコメントを引用しつつ、

    「中国によるTHAAD報復措置の影響で、ロッテマートやロッテ免税店といったロッテグループ系列会社の損失額がこの2カ月間で5,000億ウォンに達すると推算されている。」

    との報道が出ている。

     

    •   文新大統領とトランプ大統領の電話会談

    米国大統領府・ホワイトハウスのスパイサー報道官は、韓国の文在寅新大統領に対して、大統領選出を祝福する声明を発表し、この中で、

    「文次期大統領と共に米国と韓国の同盟を強化し、両国間の不朽の友情と協力関係を深化させていくことを期待している。

    トランプ大統領は文新大統領と会い、米韓の共通の利益について議論することを楽しみにしている。」

    とコメントしつつ、早期の米韓首脳会談開催に期待感を示した。

    そして、米韓首脳は早速、先ずは電話会談を行った。

    文新大統領にとっては、就任早々、外国首脳で初めてとなる、トランプ米大統領との電話で協議となった。

    電話会談では、両首脳は、米韓同盟を基礎として、北朝鮮の核問題など朝鮮半島の安全保障危機の解決のため協力することで一応一致している。

     

    •   LG電子、インドビジネス20年で60倍に成長

    韓国の主要企業の一つであるLG電子は、1997年にインドに進出してから、この20年間で売上額は60倍、社員数は8倍に増えたとコメントしている。

    即ち、同社は1997年にインド法人を設立し、同国で販売する製品だけでなく中東、アフリカなどに輸出する製品も生産しており、主要品目はテレビ、冷蔵庫、洗濯機、エアコン、スマートフォンなどであるが、インド法人の売上額は昨年約20億米ドルを記録し、1997年の進出初年度に比べて60倍近く成長、社員数は初年度の400人から約3,400人と、8倍以上に増えており、また、社員の99%がインド人であり、現地での雇用創出にも寄与していると同社は伝えている。

     

    [主要経済指標]

    1.       対米ドル為替相場

    韓国:1米ドル/1,128.47(前週対比+2.08)

    台湾:1米ドル/30.17ニュー台湾ドル(前週対比-0.13)

    日本:1米ドル/113.67円(前週対比-1.31)

    中国本土:1米ドル/6.9023人民元(前週対比-0.0093)

     

    2.       株式動向

    韓国(ソウル総合指数):2,286.02(前週対比+66.35)

    台湾(台北加権指数):9,986.82(前週対比+31.49)

    日本(日経平均指数):19,883.90(前週対比+438.20)

    中国本土(上海B):3,083.513(前週対比-61.833)

                      

    グローバルチャンバーイベント

     

    来月6月9日(金)の朝8時から弊社会議室と米国、メキシコのパネリストをつないでの製造業に関するイベントを行います。

    日本からは今野製作所の今野社長とトヨタ自動車のシンクタンクである国際経済研究所の大辻社長にご登壇いただきます。

    今野社長は経産省が推進するIndustrial Value-chain Initiativeプロジェクトにおける中小企業のネットワーク『つながる町工場』事業の中核の役回りを果たされており、中小企業の新たなトレンドについてお話いただきます。

    大辻社長からは北米はもとよりメキシコなどトヨタのトランスプラントの考え方についてご披露いただきます。

    他の参加者は下記の通りです。

    4:00 - 5:00pm Pacific / 6/9, 8:00 - 9:00am Tokyo... Market Entry/Growth Panel Discussion

    ·  Hiroshi Konno in Tokyo

    ·  Eric Miller in Phoenix

    ·  Jan Knight in Tucson

    ·  Vinayak Gupta in Phoenix

    ·  Eduardo Gonzalez in Phoenix

    ·  TBA

    5:00 - 6:00pm Pacific / 6/9, 9:00 - 10:00am Tokyo... Global Manufacturing Panel

    ·  Sumio Otsuji in Tokyo

    ·  Alejandro Lara in Guadalajara(メキシコ中西部)

    ·  Arturo Freydig in Hermosillo(メキシコ北西)

    ·  Luis Ramirez in Tucson

    ·  Kirk Gerber in Phoenix

    ·  TBA

    6:00pm Pacific / 6/9, 10:00am Tokyo... Wrap-up

     

    各国の中小企業支援策の違い

     

    今月都内で行われた勉強会にて欧米中韓と日本の中小企業支援政策の比較に関する情報を得ましたのでポイントのみ共有いたします。

    支援政策の分野としては金融、創業・ベンチャー支援、下請け代金支払遅延等防衛、国際化支援、セーフティネット等があるが、日本の支援が他国に比べて際立っているのが信用保証。

    中小企業向け貸出残高のうちの65%に対し国が信用保証している。 欧米はその割合が20%前後。絶対額で日本の保証債務残高は27.7兆円と米国の8.9兆円の3倍となっている。

    結果として中小企業の成長過程に応じたきめ細やかな資金提供が可能となっているものの、本来吸収合併など自然淘汰されるべき企業までも単独で生存し続け過当競争を繰り広げ業界の収益性を悪化させるゾンビ企業問題にもつながっている。

    金融機関の方も国の信用保証を以て審査合格として本来の審査能力を発揮せず刀がさび付いている懸念がある。

    中小企業の国際化、海外事業展開の流れの中で、競争力、収益力においてグローバルスタンダードにかなう中小企業を育てていくためにも単なる信用保証のみならず、国際競争力強化のための再編を含めた支援が求められる。

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